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College Scorecard: New Ratings Framework by Obama

August 18th, 2016 Comments off

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The US News and World Report’s annual college rankings were launched in 1983, and ever since then they have been used in order to compare various institutions on the basis of quantifiable metrics, especially alumni donation and acceptance rates. In 2013, the US leader Barack Obama argued that the rankings mentioned above were actually incentivizing colleges to simply game the numbers as well as raise the costs. This in turn encouraged schools to invest more funds into the range of activities like alumni outreach. The latter led the whole system to the tuition raise. However, according to the American presidents, local colleges motivated by these systems, kept largely neglecting one crucial issue that is student outcomes. With that in mind, Obama pledged to completely transform the way the US colleges are ranked through shifting the main focus from what it called the institution prestige to an actual successful academic experience.

Introducing the New System

Earlier the US leader unveiled his famous ‘College Scorecard’ as an integral part of the pledge. Nonetheless, the new tool that has been offered is not an actual ranking system. As an alternative, it provides users with an access to various federal data on both the attendance-cost data, as well as student-debt data for over 7 000 higher educational establishment all over the United States. This in turn provides them with an opportunity to compare different institutions; students have a cool chance to make use of the so-called Scorecard given to both list and sort out school depending on the size, recent graduation rates, as well as approximate wages after attending. The up-to-date system created on the basis of more than two years of federal data does not translate the numbers mentioned before into proper ratings.

Remembering What’s Important

This month Barack Obama stated that every individual should be provided with an opportunity to find trustworthy, clear and open data regarding college value and affordability like whether they’re in need of finding  a good job, deal with their loans and so on. According to his words, the interface of the tool was created in close collaboration with college students, their parents and professors.

Excelling at Different Specialization

Colleges tend to fare in a different way on the Scorecard depending on a particular metric. The educational establishments such as Kentucky’s Berea College or State University of NY Downstate Medical Center usually top lists when taking into consideration the post-graduation earnings of the students and average annual cost. At the same time, Princeton and Harvard tend to perform great when being sorted out by the graduation rate. In addition to that, the tool also offers highly comprehensive profiles for every educational establishment, specifying the percentage of its students, who pay down debt, and detailing the total typical debt per student.

The launch of the College Scorecard will ultimately help add more dimension to the true value of the education system provided by the colleges and universities. Its usage enables you to get a more holistic picture of what various US universities and colleges have to offer and thus, gives you an opportunity to make the right decision within the educational sector.

7 Books You Need to Read for Legal Drafting

May 17th, 2016 Comments off

books legalThe matter of legal drafting is a strongly composed method of writing, which can be quite scary for a person who have never dealt with it. The initial stage of writing a legal document is understanding its context. It includes learning the language applied in legal hearing, and the names of legal scholars and attorneys in every court case. When unfamiliar with the law sphere, a law dictionary is the first book of choice.

Here are a few legal drafting books, that will help you to excel in the legal drafting process.

  • Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law (2011). This is a convenient and extensive guide to the language of law. It can be useful for both novice writers and the legal professionals. The dictionary includes more than 10,000 articles, as well as pronunciations and quotations.

 

  • Black’s Law Dictionary (2009). The most widely cited law book. With more than 45,000 articles, including new terms, it is considered to be the gold standard for the language of law.
  • Legal Writing in a Nutshell by Lynn Bahrych (2009). This is the lawyer’s handbook for writing more efficiently, plainly and precisely. The book provides keys to writing briefs and legal memoranda, creating clear and concise sentences, accurate use of legal language and grammar, and to convincing writing. It also describes methods for analysing and improving an individual writing style, as well as samples of briefs and legal memoranda to illustrate effective techniques.
  • Legal Writing Handbook: Analysis, Research, and Writing by Anne Enquist and Laurel Currie Oates. The book focuses on the key components of the legal writing: research, writing and analysis. With its comprehensive approach, the book is extremely popular among the law students and professors. Besides, it offers advice on how to avoid procrastination and other writing barriers.
  • Legal Writing by Sheila Simon and Richard K. Neumann (2011). This friendly book provides a brief yet complete coverage of appellate briefs, motion memos and office memos. An informal style teaches through the process of writing and the use of storytelling and policy to build an argument.
  • The Redbook: A Manual on Legal Style by Bryan A. Garner, Jeff Newman, and Tiger Jackson (2006). The book includes an extensive guide to essential rules of legal writing. It focuses on the particular needs of legal writers and answers the questions about grammar and style. It gives authoritative and detailed advice on spelling, punctuation, footnotes, citations and capitalisation, with illustrations in legal context. It describes how legal writing differs from other styles of writing.
  • Legal Writing: A Systematic Approach by Diana Pratt (2004). The book is written for law students. Each step of the writing process is introduced separately, so students could master each skill before taking another one. The book includes an introduction to the law, the basic office memorandum, legal analysis, a brief to the trial court, appellate and oral advocacy.

Legal writing could be challenging for newcomers, as well as for the experienced writers. However, scholars publish legal drafting books and writing guides to support new legal writers, so they know where to start, and advanced ones helping them to polish their work.

Legal Pleading Guide of a Prime Lawyer

May 17th, 2016 Comments off

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A legal pleading is a formally written statement, which is filed in a civil action. It can run a claim against another person, or it can be an answer to a claim. It also serves as a notification to the judge in a current case that judicial intervention is needed. Legal pleading can be difficult to draft if you are not familiar with such forms. However, there are some starting points to begin with and, so, we begin our legal pleading guide.

Learning the Requirements

First, find a pleading form. Some courts have blanks, so, check if your court has one. You should also learn the local rules about formatting the pleading. An example of a pleading, which has been filed earlier, could help you during the formatting. If you can’t find any information about it, ask the court’s clerk.

Knowing the Issues and Facts

Your client’s position can be stronger, when you collect as much background information as possible before filing suit. By making a written request you can obtain information and records from parties other, than your potential defendant. In some cases a written permission from your client is needed. For medical records you should comply with privacy standards of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. In case facts critical to the complaint cannot be collected informally, a writ of summons should be filed and formal discovery should be taken.

Identifying  the Parties

A pleading has to clearly identify the parties. You should avoid missing or misidentifying anyone. Therefore, after a careful review of your materials, make clear determinations of the plaintiff and the defendant. A claim can be brought by a real party concerned. Persons or institutions, which can be sued, are specified by jurisdictional law and under the rules of civil procedure. Jurisdictions may have specific rules concerning who may sue and be sued in claims by or against a minor, a state or commonwealth, an incompetent, a partnership, a political subdivision, a corporation or an unincorporated association.

For clarity in the pleading, each party must be identified by name, position or businesses of the individual, and his or her current or last-known address.

Formatting the Pleading

The content of the claim depends on the particular elements and facts of the cause of action. Most rules require just a brief statement of the case to notify the defendant about the issues of the case as well as what the plaintiff is tending to prove.

Each claim against each party should be included in a separate count. It is not mandatory to repeat each factual statement in each count. Prior facts can be incorporated by reference.

If the case involves fraudulent activity, all details of the supposed fraud must be provided. Complaints under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act must unequivocally provide information on the acts necessary to appeal a RICO claim.

Hopefully this legal pleading guide will serve you as viable memo for your future law practice. Don’t forget to use a relevant form and complete the captions as required by relevant law. Sign your pleading after the body of the document, type your full name and put the date.

Essay on International Trade Regulations in China

October 20th, 2015 Comments off

china trade lawsOn December 11, 2001, China got the status of the member of WTO. The country gradually liberalized the whole system of foreign trading, as well as proceeded with reducing the range of administrative barriers to the trade. In accordance with the amended Foreign Trade Law of the country, all sorts of enterprises have an opportunity to register for the right to conduct trading. Besides, individual Chinese have also a chance to trade far from the country’s borders in accordance with the Foreign Trade Law.

Licensing and Quota Control

Starting from 2005, all the requirements related to the licensing and quota have been excluded from almost all imports. Just a certain number of some products are being controlled by the import licensing experts. This year, only two types of commodities – electronic and key-used mechanical products and ozone depleting substances, are controlled by the import licensing experts.

The representatives of the MOFCOM, as well as the rest of adjacent State Council departments, hold responsibility for amending, generating and publishing of the electronic and mechanical products catalogue. The imports of these products are not being the subject to prohibition. For purposes of the analysis of import, the country implements import licensing system that works automatically for some of the electronic and mechanical products that will be freely imported.

Trade Labeling and Description Requirements

All goods that are now sold in the country must be labeled only in Chinese language and have detailed description of the specifications of the content, as well as the production date, the principles of application and the date of expiration. Besides, there should be provided explanatory warnings regarding the use of the products. The country has adopted a special labeling system that must help its experts to deal with the management of the GM agricultural bioproducts. Each of them must be labeled accurately in case they are to be sold within the market of China.

Customs and Quarantine System

The country has adopted and implemented the ‘quar?ntine inspect?on before customs declaration’ practice within the area of customs clearance. A special inspection seal was stamped to the Export G?ods Clearance Slips and G?od Clearance Slips. The latter are ?ssued to the products that are the subject to the entry-ex?t quarantine and inspection. The Customs are required to examine as well as release all the products against the Exp?rt Goods Clearance Slip or the Import Goods Clearance Slip that have been issued by the quarantine author?ties and entry-ex?t inspection experts.

The country also uses a special system of the so-called pre-shipment inspection for the wastes that have been imported as the raw materials. According to the rules, all wastes should properly measure up to the standards of the country’s environment protection. Besides, they must be inspected by the organization that is recognized and trusted by the Quality Supervision Administration right before the shipment.

In general, the country has a complex system of governing the local standards of food and products inspection. However, the management is required to ensure the best quality and safety of goods.

How you can choose the topics for Business Law Papers?

May 20th, 2013 Comments off

It is a fact that many students across the globe find it very hard to write term papers. This is particularly true for law students who lack the necessary writing skills, time and experience. To the contrary, writing business law papers should be very easy considering the fact that the legal sphere has many categories including business criminal law paper topics that you can write about. You can also choose to write on such other topics as insurance legislations and company incorporation among other topics.

Although there are several topics you can write on, there are certainly those that are not only popular but also very interesting to write about and contract law is just one of them. One of the most interesting contract law sub topics you can choose to work on is breach of contract. It is interesting considering the fact that it gives you the opportunity to cite and bring out peculiarities on some of the re-known suits that have in the past been filed in courts of law.

One of the most attractive business criminal law paper topics you can choose to write on is intellectual property law. Its attractiveness stems from the fact that it is one of the most common areas in business legal circles. Furthermore, it is an international law that lets you address such issues as trademark infringement, copyright law and trade secrets amongst others.

Tort law is part of business law that you may also consider writing on. Like other categories of business law, there are varied topics you can write about. Such include workplace injuries and workplace pollution among other sub-topics. Like with writing other business law papers, writing about Tort law give you the opportunity to make use of some of the re-known sites.

Generally, there are very many business criminal law paper topics that you can write on for your term paper. Unlike other fields, writing on business law should never be boring or difficult.

Business law papers

April 29th, 2013 Comments off

The law students just become anxious on hearing the term ‘business law papers’. If you are planning to write research papers, there are so many things that need to be kept in mind. The most difficult part of writing business law papers is to choose the right topic that will fetch more scores in the final exam. At certain times, you would have selected a wonderful topic that will captivate the interest of those who would evaluate the research papers. But you might not be having enough knowledge to handle a specific topic.

Writing a paper on law is surely a mammoth task. Even those who have in-depth knowledge on the subject might not be able to present a good research article. Some people have the wrong notion that a good educational qualification and experience in the field of law is sufficient to prepare the research articles. This is not true. Writing business law research paper involves skills that are different from knowledge based talk shows.

Many people try to prepare thesis on contract law. The different impacts caused by the breach of contract on business can be studied and presented in the form of a research work. Another area that can be dealt in detail is the intellectual property law. More information can be collected on copyright laws and trade mark infringement. There have been so many cases that are related to these topics. If all these lawsuits are studied in detail, you will be gaining more ideas to select innovative topics, that might captivate the attention of the evaluator. Thus selection of topics seems to occupy the major time for the thesis work. After this process is completed, you can embark on the actual task. Ideas will start pouring down once you look out for data from previous case studies.

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Law papers – tips for writing

April 4th, 2013 Comments off

Law papers need some requirements which need to be fulfilled while writing them. A good paper on law must contain an introduction, the main body and the conclusion. These three are the minimum requirements of law papers.

How to plan or structure your paper?

As mentioned above, you will have to incorporate an introduction, a main body and a conclusion in a paper. Then, you need to see the question that needs to be answered in the paper. Different law school paper topics can be assigned to you to write your papers on law. Therefore, you must answer them accordingly. See what the question is requiring from you to get answered in a complete way, and then start working on it according to its requirements.

For answering law school paper topics, you need to have considerable knowledge of the entire law. You must know the cases in which there is a breach of contract and you must know what law is relative to which Articles of law. You need to give good references of Sections and Acts which have been defined the respective law of the state.

Give accurate evidences of all the questions which require your answers. By taking the references of the law rules, you can easily state the evidences. For giving good references, you need to have good reading material of law. Keep considerable law books with you and continue the habit of reading. This will add knowledge to your work, and you will be able to write quality essays of law.

In addition, the papers on law must be well written, should have good and easily understandable vocabulary and must be easy to read. They must be written in an accurate manner in order to answer the questions of law in an adequate manner.

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Find Effective Law Term Paper To Get the Best Results

February 6th, 2013 Comments off

If you are having a law term paper, you can get help from a sample paper as these papers are made for the guidance of the students. They are more effective for those who are appearing for the first time in the examination. You can easily find them by searching on the internet. You can find international law paper just similar to yours. They are helpful specifically for you, as they can be useful for building your concepts.

Never give wrong impression about those sample international law paper as these papers belong to you. You would be charged of plagiarism. Along with the answering to law, you might get failed in the subject and will be known as a cheater. It will surely not give good notion to your classmates and teachers. You can only use them in the form of inspiration or guidance. These papers are formulated just to give an idea that how your law term paper looks like.

Since you will find numbers of samples while searching on the internet, you must ensure that whether you are looking for an impressive and helpful paper or not. You can check the quality of your papers simply by looking at the introduction, hypothesis and reference pages. It must be structured well and consistent. The thesis statements that are given in the starting of the paper must be mentioned in conclusion.

If you are looking for the business law paper topics just list down all the references and then sort them according to the diversions in them. Take care that you have checked the bibliography and indexes of those references so that you can get better idea of the chosen topics for your exams. Check your teachers’ previous papers in order to get better understanding about the format of law papers.

Business Law Research Paper

December 21st, 2012 Comments off

Business or Corporate Law is one of the most popular subjects amongst law students and is thus an extremely competitive course in the ever competitive world we live in. While writing your Business Law research paper, it is very important to stand out amongst your peers and one of the easiest ways to do that is to write a top quality Law research paper. However, the problem with writing one is that it requires a lot of hard work and dedication on your part to go through the meticulous process of writing a research paper. Right from brainstorming to reviewing of articles and case studies, including the application of business law theories to practical situations, the entire process can be arduous sometimes.
Our professional writing service offers to help you through the task of writing a Business law research paper or for that matter any law research paper. You can choose one of the several unique topics that we have available, so that you can get started and thus save you days at the library that you might have spent just looking for a topic. We also offer professional writers to help write the essay for you. As such, you are guaranteed a top quality law research paper that is written by one of the top professionals with an in-depth knowledge on historical as well as the current ever-changing laws in the country. By opting for our service, you are transferring the load of burden that is your law research onto our shoulders and we willingly oblige to take on your burden. We know that university education is no walk in the park and as such willingly want to help out students who are facing a time crunch to complete the constant bombardment of university assignments.

How to Find the Best Business Law Papers

November 16th, 2012 Comments off

There are numerous locations on the Internet where you can find perfectly usable academic papers on law. However, the uses for them may vary, and if you need a ready-made text to hand in as your own work, using an essay found on the Web may not be the brightest idea.

Even schoolteachers are well aware of the sites where one can find all kinds of texts on all kinds of topics. The creation of anti-plagiarism software has turned into profitable business and even the aforementioned teachers use it nowadays. Thus, if you need a piece of writing on business law paper topics, it will be a wrong decision to simply download an essay you like and try to use it as your own.

The better use for it by far is to download it and look at it as an example of how such work is supposed to be done, to understand how to write a paper outline using a ready-made article. It is truly said that one example is better than a hundred explanations – it immediately gives you an opportunity to understand how this or that text is constructed and according to what rules you have to write your own essays.

Although business law papers taken from online repositories shouldn’t be used without changes (it is in your own interests to avoid doing it), they may be really helpful if you don’t know how to write the text of this or that kind.

The best texts on business law paper topics can be found on sites offering guidance and assistance in economics-based academic writing. The services that offer texts on all subjects without specializing in anything in particular should be avoided – chances are, their creators don’t pay much attention to actual content.