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5 Crimes That 80% of Students Commit and Have to Answer For

January 28th, 2018 Comments off

According to the Pew Research Center, the majority of crimes committed on the territory of the US are unreported. We’re talking here about not only some petty theft, but about murders as well. What is more, most of the crimes, that registered, go unsolved. If you think that this is an awful situation and, as a law student, criticize the work of the police, that’s a bit hypocritical because you might be also the one adding some small crimes to the pile.

The thing is that you may not even realize that you do something wrong because, in your circle of friends, family, and acquaintances, it is not considered as an action against the law. But the offenses that we are going to talk about have legal consequences in some states, and it already means that they are not harmless. Let’s have a look at them in detail.

1.  Plagiarism

Even if you don’t know what that is (what we doubt very much), you know what they say – ignorance of the law is no excuse. Even if you do it accidentally, nobody will waste time determining whether it was by mistake or by intent. If you get caught using someone else’s work as yours, you can face suspension, detention or even expulsion. So, in the future, be careful with what you “borrow” from others.

2.  Using Pirate Film or Music Copies

Yes, there are websites that offer free songs, movies, books, etc. But it is a direct breach of the copyright law! You may think that this is not a very serious offense. Well, you will not get life imprisonment for downloading several songs, but think about its severity when you will be bound to pay hundreds and thousands of dollars as a penalty.

3.  Libel on Social Networks

Remember about large sums of money again when you want to exaggerate some pieces of information, let’s say, in a tweet. If this message damages someone’s reputation, you can be sued.

4.  Bullying

Some American states have clear laws to control bullying. But even if the rest don’t, it doesn’t mean that bullying cases go unpunishable. They can be considered as physical assaults, sexual harassments or any other offenses that have serious consequences in terms of the civil and criminal law.

5.  Hazing

Hazing is an act of mental or physical abuse, harassment or humiliation done with a purpose of initiating an individual into a group. It happens very often in colleges and universities when students join sororities and fraternities. Already 6 states in the US have adopted laws against hazing. Others either define and consider it a misdemeanor, or require that educational institutions establish certain policies of handling it. Only Montana, Dakota, Wyoming, New Mexico, Alaska, and Hawaii have no regulations on that account.

If you have never considered the behavior that includes these actions a crime, it is time to start. Or else, there can be serious legal consequences. And you wouldn’t want them, would you?

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Sample Essay on Vested Interests: Why Do People Use Their Ranks?

January 24th, 2018 Comments off

It sometimes seems that everything in our world is based on vested interests. And no matter how unfair it turns out to be for one group of people, the rest gain a great deal of benefits interacting with the society on such basis. That’s why it is important to know what vested interests are, especially for students, for whom this sample essay is written.

Vested interest is an appeal to use someone’s influence, particular situation or institution to gain a benefit. For example, alcohol companies sponsor different events and this way spread their drinks among adults and youth who are underage. But there are also cases of a smaller scale when an individual uses his/her status to push through some deals. For instance, doctors due to their ranks promote specific drugs to the patients not because these pills or drops are more effective, but because they receive retrenchments. Apart from the obvious profits and advantages, there are other factors that indulge people to engage in vested interests.

There are 3 key factors that might answer the question why people use their ranks to gain benefits or provide others with them in order to, again, receive some profit. The first one is the involvement. It can be based on values when certain actions appeal to the individual’s beliefs and dogmas. It can also be connected with the impression that the person is trying to make on people who also can bring some benefit.

It is also an ego that plays an important role in such matters being the second factor that pushes people into vested interests area. It is viewed separately from the 1st one that is interlaced with values because this notion implies emotional attachment to a certain idea. The ego, on the contrary, can have no connection with emotions, though can be even a stronger driver for vested attitudes.

The last but not the least factor is the attitude importance. It means that an individual can consider consequences not only of a personal nature but also of a national or even global one. For instance, a French person may be worried about the Ebola epidemic in Africa and fully understand the outcome if it gets out of control, and, consequently, create an organization that will help isolate the disease. That’s why this attitude can become a powerful stimulator for taking an action.

The main problem of vested interests is that when it is driven by an ego or possible profit, it often has something that can be called “collateral damage”. Usually, the advantages are counted only for the parties involved in a deal or agreement, but for others, such “contracts” might have negative consequences. Let’s take doctors, for example – they flog medicine that may have cheaper and even stronger equivalents on the market. But, they don’t take into account this fact because, from that alternative, they won’t get any benefits.

Although vested interests are frequently used in negative situations, they also can be used for a good cause. It’s important to understand this difference before applying this knowledge in practice.

References:

  1. Sivacek, J., & Crano, W. D. (1982). Vested interest as a moderator of attitude behavior consistency. ‘Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 210-221
  2. Veblen, T., & Horowitz, I. L. (2002). The vested interests. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction
  3. Sherif, M., & Hovland, C. (1961). Social judgment: Assimilation and contrast effects in communication and attitude change. Yale University Press
  4. Odling-Smee, J., & Richardson, T. (2002). Transition and Vested Interests. Completing Transition: The Main Challenges, 35-39. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-04866-5_7
  5. Crano, W. D. (1995). Attitude strength and vested interest. In R. E. Petty & J. A. Krosnick (Eds.), Attitude strength: Antecedents and Consequences. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 131–158. Crano, W. D. (1995). Components of vested interest and attitude-behavior consistency. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 17, 1-21.
  6. Miller, D., & Ratner, R. (1998). The Disparity Between the Actual and Assumed Power of Self-Interest. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1, 53-62
  7. Godlee, F. (2010). Vested interests. Bmj, 340(Apr08 2), C1922-C1922. doi:10.1136/bmj.c1922
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Sample Essay on Corruption: What Are the Main Causes?

January 17th, 2018 Comments off

According to 2017 Global Corruption Barometer, every 4th person in the world has passed money under the table while using public services during this year. We suppose that this is a solid reason for students to research the question of corruption in an essay, and our sample will help them with that.

Each person can be faced with corruption in the most common places out there: at the doctor’s, where they pay to get a cheaper and more effective prescription (not based on vested interests); at school, where they give a bribe to place a child into a class with a better academic progress; even at the police, where it is sometimes necessary to lay some cash on the top so that someone would take up the case! Of course, in some countries bribery is kept more or less under control, but it was and still is a global problem. And in order to learn how to tackle it properly, it is essential to determine the causes that create a suitable environment for corruption.

The most common reason of bribery in the government sector is the employment situation. Usually, public service workers have low salaries and they are tempted to accept extra payments from simple people just because they need money.

The second equally important cause is the lack of the regulation policy that would specify legal ways of handling and punishing individuals for receiving and giving bribes. This lack is also dictated by the corruption on the higher level of officials for whom it is impractical to control bribery. They receive their retrenchments as well so that they would have enough reasons not to notice what is happening on their doorstep.

The crucial factor of making corruption so widespread is also the perception of this act by the public. The majority considers bribery as a normal state of things and sometimes even praise the fact that someone can get away with it. It means that the government and media don’t highlight the corruption enough or do it improperly. When announcing bribery cases in the news, a great deal of information is concealed, and only the tip of the iceberg is shown to attract more audience.

Of course, there are people who disapprove of corruption. But their number is either very small, or they don’t do anything to change the situation. They, on the contrary, should promote the honest and transparent state of affairs, publicly criticize those who are involved in bribery as well as advocate the ones who refuse to give in to the temptation to earn some extra cash. It is significant to attract the attention of the higher governmental officials (even if they don’t want to participate in it) and make them take action! The more people will fight for this cause, the more responsibility will lie on the shoulders of public sector workers. It is necessary to understand that the problem won’t solve itself until simple people start fighting for justice and transparency.

References:

  1. Haller, D., & Shore, C. (2005). Corruption. London: Pluto.
  2. Winters, E. (2013). Corruption. Broomfield, CO: Rocky Ridge Books.
  3. Osei, P. D. (2007). Corruption Scandals and Anti-Corruption Institution Building Interventions in Jamaica. Corruption and Development, 167-181. doi:10.1057/9780230590625_9
    1. Eriksen, B. (n.d.). Zero-tolerance to corruption? Norway’s role in petroleum-related corruption internationally. Corruption, Natural Resources and Development, 28-43. doi:10.4337/9781785361203.00009
    2. Brooks, G. (2016). Explaining Corruption: Why Don’t We All Commit Acts of Corruption? Criminology of Corruption, 127-147. doi:10.1057/978-1-137-51724-1_7
  • Recanatini, F. (n.d.). Anti-Corruption Authorities: An Effective Tool to Curb Corruption? International Handbook on the Economics of Corruption, Volume Two. doi:10.4337/9780857936523.00030
  1. Grødeland, B. (2010). Culture, Corruption, and Anti-Corruption Strategies in Post-Communist Europe. International Anti-Corruption Regimes in Europe, 137-158. doi:10.5771/9783845225739-137
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Sample Essay on the Great Britain’s Recipe for Success

December 27th, 2017 Comments off

kingdom great britainThis article is important because it takes into consideration the historical events that have shaped Britain into the country that it is today. The information is taken from a handful of sources to help provide an overview and understanding of the country.

Britain is a powerful country and is viewed as among the best places in the world to live. The country is a home to people of all backgrounds, races, and faiths. However, the country was not always as great as it is today. New ideas about individual rights in the 13th century, as well as 19th-century access to education and strong economic power, contributed to help shape the country into what it is today. Modern-day Britain welcomes citizens from across the globe, treats them with fairness, and grants opportunity to all.

England has a long history of providing its citizens with individual rights that date back hundreds of years. In 1215, King John awarded many rights to its citizens by signing the Great Charter and Magna Carta. These documents granted England’s citizens a sleuth of important rights. First, it allowed individuals to own land without fear that it can be seized without justification. It also allowed merchants and traders to move freely throughout England to conduct their business. Most importantly, the Magna Carta provided a foundation for the legal system that we know today. It meant that people could not be detained unless properly accused of a crime; it gave them a right to a trial; and, it gave them the right to a fair punishment if convicted.

Several hundred years later, in the 19th century, many of the citizens of Britain found they suddenly had access to a quality education. Private and public schools around the country became regulated and subject to new rules by the second half of the century. By 1869, the government closely followed the quality and content of the education received at many schools throughout the country. Around the same time, a number of headmasters would meet regularly to discuss new policies and practices for the schools. Since that time, the government has helped regulate and finance schools across the country for the benefit of all students.

Around the same time in the 19th century, Britain emerged as one of the great economic and industrial powers of the world. By 1840, the English had a system of free trade, with very few exceptions. Around the same time, Britain invented the modern railroad system, which would spread to the entire world. This new mode of transportation, along with the new rules on free trade, and the longstanding ability to move throughout England to sell goods, allowed for a new merchant class to find success. The introduction of railways benefited the country in many ways. Suddenly, goods and supplies moved across the country at a fraction of the previous cost.

By the 20th century, Britain’s citizens enjoyed a renewed time of economic prosperity, a new access to education, and long-standing individual rights. These three factors helped shape the country into what it is today. Much of the world considers Britain to be among the best places to live. The country’s citizens have some of the fairest rights, education, and strongest economic power in the world.

References:

  1. Arnett, G. (2013, November 5). What makes the UK a good place to live and work? Retrieved November 14, 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2013/nov/05/what-makes-uk-such-a-good-place-to-live-oecd
  2. Heath, A. (2016, August 26). Why Britain became the first rich nation. Retrieved November 15, 2017, from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2016/08/26/why-britain-became-the-first-rich-nation/
  3. International Monetary Fund Research Dept. (1997). World Economic Outlook, May 1997: Globalization: Opportunities and Challenges. International Monetary Fund. 113.
  4. Morgan, K. (2011, February 17). Symbiosis: Trade and the British Empire. Retrieved November 14, 2017, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/trade_empire_01.shtml
  5. Orend, B. (2002). Human rights: concept and context. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press. 5.
  6. Shrosbree, C. (2010). Public schools and private education: the Clarendon Commission 1861-64 and the Public Schools Acts. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 6-9.
  7. Simmons, J. (2003). The Oxford companion to British railway history from 1603 to the 1990s. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press. 15.
  8. Walford, G. (1986). Life in public schools. Methuen. 8-9.
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Sample Essay on Catalonia’s Independence: What Do They Really Strive For?

December 21st, 2017 Comments off

catalonia’s independenceThis article is important because it describes a complex, current event that affects many people. Although most of those involved have strong feelings one way or another in regards to Catalonia’s independence, it is important to understand the issues and facts affecting the crisis in the region.

The eyes of the world have been focused on Catalonia and Spain since Catalonia voted to achieve independence. Spanish officials have said that they will not support their independence. The reasons why so many desire the secession are complex and multifaceted. Catalonia’s multi-century struggle for independence, a growing nationalist movement within Catalonia, and its status as a driving force in Spain’s economy all led to the historic vote to separate from Spain. Although it is uncertain as to whether or not Catalonia will ever achieve the independence that so many of its citizens desire, the region will continue to be in crisis until a decision is reached.

Catalonia has struggled to gain independence from Spain for centuries. The fight for independence dates back to 1714. During that year, Philip V captured Barcelona. Since that time, separationists have sought independence from Spain. The movement for independence failed to gain traction for centuries. However, in 1932, Spanish officials granted Catalonia a degree of autonomy. Unfortunately for those who supported that decision, that progress was undone when General Francisco Franco came to power in 1939. Franco did his best to suppress secessionists, even killing many of them. Still, despite his efforts, pockets of resistance continued to persist. Their movement continued to gain momentum.

As the push for independence slowly gathered supporters, the region experienced a sharp rise in nationalism. That campaign continued to gain support despite the efforts of Spanish officials in the 1930s. Throughout the 20th century, support continued to grow, rising abruptly after 2000. In 2006, less than 16 percent of Catalans favored independence. By 2012, that number rose to nearly 45 percent. By the time the vote was taken this year, 90 percent of those polled voted for independence from Spain. Many Catalans do not see themselves as citizens of Spain, but instead identify solely as belonging to Catalonia. They feel that they exist independently of Spain.

It is no surprise that so many Catalans feel little allegiance to Spain. For hundreds of years, Catalonia has been a critical part of Spain’s economy. It’s been such a driving force, that many Catalans feel that it contributes more to Spain than it receives in return. In fact, Catalonia’s economy accounts for nearly 20 percent of Spain’s GDP. They have long been an industrial power. In addition to exporting a variety of goods, Catalonia has established itself as a hub for financial and technology companies. Many Catalans feel that their powerful presence as a world power separates them from the rest of Spain.

Catalonia’s struggle for independence dates back more than 300 years. The drive towards secession culminated this year when 90 percent of voters chose to break away from Spain. The long road to independence, a rise in Catalonian nationalism, and its economic power have all driven the majority of Catalans to seek independence. Although officials in Spain have deemed the vote illegal and repeatedly tried to stop the secession, time will tell if Catalonia is ever able to truly achieve independence.

References:

  1. Badcock, H. A. (2017, October 05). Why does Catalonia want independence from Spain? Retrieved November 15, 2017, from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/does-catalonia-want-independence-spain/
  2. Erickson, A. (2017, October 27). Analysis | Catalonia’s independence vote: What you need to know. Retrieved November 15, 2017, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/09/30/catalonia-independence-referendum-spain/?utm_term=.1dbcafdfdfb8
  3. Gillespie, R. (2015). Contesting Spain? the dynamics of nationalist movements in Catalonia and the Basque Country. London: Routledge, 89.
  4. Harris, S. (2014). Catalonia is not Spain: a historical perspective. 4Cats Books, ii.
  5. Jones, S. (2017, September 21). Why do some Catalans want independence and what is Spain’s view? Retrieved November 14, 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/21/why-do-some-catalans-want-independence-and-what-is-spains-view
  6. Jones, S. (2017, October 2). After the Catalan referendum: what happens next? Retrieved November 14, 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/oct/02/after-the-catalan-referendum-what-happens-next
  7. Minder, R. (2017). Struggle for Catalonia: rebel politics in Spain. London: Hurst & Company, 20.
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Sample Essay on Addictive Substances: Is the Permission a Good Idea Towards College Young Adults?

November 27th, 2017 Comments off

good idea The issue of drugs is one of the most widely spread and most frequently disputed social and health problems throughout the world. It is understood that there are different kinds of drugs. Some of them were created to help combat different types of health deviations. However, there is the dark side of this matter. Many manufacturers produce illegal drugs, which sufficiently damage human health. Moreover, there are many officially registered cases of death induced by drugs.

Nowadays, more and more countries implement the policy of drug legalization, which is utterly important for the society. Such drugs like marijuana are legal in many countries all over the globe, and the United States of America should be included in this list. However, marijuana is a light substance with soft side effects. Still, there exist other substances like cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, and many others.

There are many people who think that all drugs should become legal. This would sufficiently reduce the expenses of the country because there would be no need for fighting with illegal production and selling such substances. In addition, the country will receive additional taxes. On the other hand, there is the public opinion, which is against such novelties.

Let us not forget about the great variety of adverse reactions. Some of them are severe and lead to chronic ailments or even lethal cases. This issue involves students too. This is no novelty that hundreds and thousands of students throughout a country actively consume different sorts of illegal drugs, which have negative consequences. Many countries legalize harmful substances, and you may see people taking them right in the street.

The most severe consequences can be the development of chronic diseases, addiction, severe mental complications, cardiovascular ailments and disorders, severe kidney and liver disorders, problems with potency and fertility, and even lethal cases.

There are some other preparations, which are supposed to be helpful exactly for students. They have positive effects on their learning skills. They can improve thinking, concentration, attention, memory, and some other cognitive functions, which are important for the process of learning. There are many preparations that were initiated to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Students take such drugs to get focused as well as gather strength and energy. They really claim that their academic progress has improved. Nevertheless, they give a little heed to consequences.

Such preparations have psychoactive properties and make people addictive. Undoubtedly, they lead to various mental deviations. Students suffer from sleep loss, abnormal and frequent weakness, depression, increased irritability and aggressiveness, and so on. The list is actually long, and it horrifies.

Obviously, legalization of drugs on the campus, as well as in other places, will be a huge mistake. The very first thing each state should take care of is the general well-being of its citizens. Their health should be protected. Legalization of harmful substances will do nothing but severe damage.

References:

  1. Palash, Ghosh (2010). The pros and cons of drug legalization in the U.S. http://www.ibtimes.com/pros-cons-drug-legalization-us-246712
  2. Douglas Husak and Peter de Marneffe (2005). The Legalization of Drugs: For & Against. https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-legalization-of-drugs-for-against/
  3. Jeffrey, Miron (2014). Why all drugs should be legal. (Yes, even heroin.) http://theweek.com/articles/445005/why-all-drugs-should-legal-yes-even-heroin
  4. Carolina, Moreno (2012). Drug Legalization: Pros And Cons As To Its Viability As A Means To End The Drug War. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/28/drug-legalization-pros-cons-drug-war_n_1834417.html
  5. David, Boaz (1999). Drug Legalization, Criminalization, and Harm Reduction. https://www.cato.org/publications/congressional-testimony/drug-legalization-criminalization-harm-reduction
  6. Antoine, Canet (2017). Drug Legalization & Prohibition pros and cons. http://www.academia.edu/8735356/Drug_Legalization_and_Prohibition_pros_and_cons
  7. George, Will (2012). Weighing the pros and cons of drug legalization. http://www.silive.com/opinion/columns/index.ssf/2012/04/weighing_the_pros_and_cons_of.html
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Sample Essay on Off-the-Books Job: Can Law Support Those Who Work Off-the-Record

November 17th, 2017 Comments off

books jobEach person requires a certain job to earn money. This is an actual necessity though this is not an obligation. Some people remain unemployed and don’t have any costs for life. Those who get education commonly find a job. However, we should talk about two kinds of jobs – official and unofficial. There are many employees who prefer or are forced to choose an off-the-books job. This kind of job has its pros and cons, and it is really vital to discuss them.

The official job has one huge benefit – you are protected by the state. You will receive all kinds of insurances, official salary, all possible bonuses, guaranteed vacation, and years of professional experience, which will be added to your pension when you retire. Of course, there are some disadvantages as well. You are forced to pay taxes, and you will have a fixed salary, which may not be high enough to satisfy your needs.

It is quite different for unreported employees. Their salary may be much higher. Why do employers pay more for the unofficial workers? The reason is the payment of taxes. They don’t have to pay for such workers and may afford to pay higher salaries. Additionally, your working hours are flexible, and you may choose when to work and which amount of work to execute. A good example of such an opportunity is the job of a freelancer. Nevertheless, one should consider some drawbacks too.

No official experience is one of them. As you aren’t officially employment, there will be no information about your working experience, which is a huge drawback in regard to the Pension Fund. Also, don’t forget about absences of social and medical security. Unreported employees will not have any insurance, such like social and medical ones. This is a big problem too. No compensation – one more thing to be thought about.  In the case of any accident or financial problem of the company where you work, you will not get any compensation. Irregular payments and work is also a popular inconvenience. You may be cheated by your employer. In this case, you will not be able to prove that you have been working for a particular period of time to be paid accordingly because you do not have any legal documents. Thus, you may work for weeks on without salary. Some people haven’t even heard of potential penalties from Internal Revenue Service (IRS). If the IRS finds that you are an off-the-book worker, the fault will be all yours. And the last but not the least important – no guarantees for the future. One day you may come to your working site and find out that you are fired without any money, compensations, and insurance.

This list clearly illustrates all possible negative consequences of the off-the-record job. You still may have some guarantees. You may ask your employer to sign an official document that you will receive at least the fixed income. Nevertheless, you will be deprived of many other essential conditions.

It is up to you whether to risk unofficial job or not. However, it is always better to be officially registered. Under such condition, you will be protected by the state and will avoid multiple troubles.

References:

  1. David Lawrence Ganz (2008). Working “Off the Books”: What to Avoid. https://www.avvo.com/legal-guides/ugc/working-off-the-books—a-guide-of-what-to-avoid
  2. Brian, Mittman (2011). Workers’ Compensation For Workers Paid Off The Books. https://thedisabilityguys.com/workers-compensation-for-workers-paid-off-the-books/
  3. Tom, Breedlove (2015). Being Paid “On the Books” Pays Off. https://www.care.com/homepay/being-paid-on-the-books-pays-off-1309131442
  4. The New York Times (2008). Immigration, Off the Books. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/17/opinion/17thu1.html
  5. Daniel, Levy (2017). I Was Hurt on the Job but Was Working “OFF THE BOOKS” Can I Get Workers’ Compensation?
  6. Le, Trinh (2015). How Much Trouble Are Under the Table Employees? http://blogs.findlaw.com/free_enterprise/2015/06/how-much-trouble-are-under-the-table-employees.html
  7. Lawyers.com (2017). The Employer’s Liability for Unreported Tips. https://www.lawyers.com/legal-info/taxation/the-employers-liability-for-unreported-tips.html
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Sample Essay on Discrimination: Kinds of Discrimination DOJ Does NOT Protect Us from

September 15th, 2017 Comments off

The issue of workplace discrimination has posed legal challenges ever since the days of the Civil Right Movement. Today, we still struggle with protecting individuals from unfair and discriminatory practices in the workplace. The article below can help you craft a strong essay on this complex topic.

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was the crowning achievement of the Civil Rights Movement. Lawmakers and activists fought for years to extend protections to black people who were often targeted by hate groups and Jim Crow laws which made it impossible for them to advance in the workplace as their white peers could. This legislation made it illegal for employers to discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex or religion. Because of this legislation, employees cannot be fired because of their race or demoted because of their religious beliefs. However, there are some groups who don’t seem to fall within these protected classes: familial caregivers, military personnel, and gay or transgender individuals. In some cases, Title VII may be interpreted loosely to provide protection for these groups, or they may be protected by other legislation. But this is not always true.

Caregivers who are responsible for the needs of young children or sick spouses sometimes face discrimination in the workplace. A woman who is pregnant or the mother of young children may be passed over for a promotion in favor of men or child-free women who have the same qualifications. Employees may lose out on opportunities if they need to take time off to care for an aging parent. The Civil Rights Act does not explicitly offer protection for such situations. However, some people interpret such cases to be in the domain of gender discrimination. Individual states like Alaska and Connecticut have put laws in place to protect people from discrimination because of parenthood or familial obligations.

Another group that has faced discrimination in the workplace is military employees and veterans. In the past, if a worker was called up for active service in the military, they often found that their employers replaced them in their absence. They also faced challenges in getting hired or obtaining fair pay in the workplace. While Title VII does not provide protections for this group, the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) was signed into law in 1994. This act protects the jobs of active military personnel and removes discriminatory barriers to reemployment.

Another group that does not explicitly fall under the protection of Title VII are members of the LGBT community. Gay, bisexual, and transgender people encounter discrimination in many forms, including in the workplace. Ever since 1975, legislators and activists have tried to extend Title VII protections to this group, but all attempts have failed. While some judges interpret sex discrimination broadly to include “sexual orientation,” this is open to interpretation and isn’t specifically stated. The vulnerability of this particular group has recently become evident with President Trump’s proposed ban on transgender individuals serving in the military.

The issue of workplace discrimination is complex, especially as our culture changes. Protecting a wide variety of people from discrimination in the workplace is not easy or simple. While the spirit of the Civil Rights Act remains in force, the letter of the law still leaves many groups unprotected.

References:

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Sample Essay on Immigration to America: What Makes People Give up on Their Home

September 8th, 2017 Comments off

Immigration is a complex issue, which has been controversial ever since the Pilgrims first sailed to Plymouth Rock. Many of the motivations behind immigration to the US have remained the same throughout the centuries. This article can guide you as you craft an essay on this relevant and complex topic.

The history of immigration to the United States spans hundreds of years, yet most of the reasons for the mass exodus to America have remained constant: the search for greater economic opportunity, an escape from intolerable conditions in their own countries, and the desire for political and religious freedom. Sadly, many immigrants were forced to come to the United States as slaves or indentured servants.

During the earliest wave of immigration in the 1600s, many Europeans found that the price of passage to the United States was more than they could afford. These immigrants chose to barter their freedom in exchange for a one-way ticket to the US, and became indentured servants. They earned their freedom after a four-to-seven year term of labor. Unfortunately, thousands of people from West Africa were forcibly kidnapped and brought to the US as slaves, beginning as early as 1619 and continuing until after the Civil War. While we no longer chain other humans and force them to come to the US, the modern-day equivalent still exists in undocumented migrant workers forced to work without pay.

The draw of cheap or free land and independence of resources drew thousands of immigrants during the 1600s. The period of westward expansion in the 19th century opened up more opportunities for migrants from Ireland and Germany. The California gold rush drew in both Europeans and Asians. Today, many Asians still migrate to the US to pursue opportunities in fields like research, engineering, law, and medicine which are unavailable to them in their own countries.

During the 19th century, many Irish immigrants came to America to flee the devastation of the Irish Potato Famine, in which 1.5 million Irish people died. They were not the only ones who came to America to flee terrible situations in their home countries. Overcrowding and disease in many of the cities of Europe brought people of all nationalities to seek a new life in the US. Wars and pogroms in Mexico, Turkey, and Russia brought immigrants who needed the safe haven from violence and persecution. Today, the US offers a refuge to those fleeing violence or natural disasters.

Of course, the very first immigrants were the Pilgrims, who sailed to America from Britain in 1620 seeking religious and political freedom. This desire for freedom was echoed by a later wave of immigrants: intellectuals who migrated from Europe after the failed revolutions of 1848. Today, the US still provides asylum to people in other countries who are persecuted for their religious or political beliefs.

Although much has changed throughout the history of the USA, the reasons that people come here have remained fundamentally the same. Immigrants still seek freedom, refuge and, opportunity.

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Sample Essay on Human Equality: Why Someone Should Work Harder

August 6th, 2017 Comments off

human-equalityEven in countries which do not legally discriminate against one particular group of people, it’s still possible to identify examples of inequality. In the United States, for instance, men are generally more likely to earn higher salaries than women, seemingly benefiting from their gender in the realm of career advancement. To understand why this occurs, it’s necessary to investigate the issue further.

According to a recent study, although American men and women express an equal desire to advance in the workplace, women are 15% less likely than men to get promoted. Although some people may assume that becoming a mother would reduce a woman’s desire to earn a promotion, the study found that women with children are actually more likely to work towards a promotion than women who aren’t mothers.

Other data can shed light on this discrepancy. Studies indicate that men generally feel confident in their ability to move up within a company or an organization. Women, when they have initially joined the workforce, still believe that earning a promotion to an executive role is a difficult process with many challenges along the way. This attitude, rooted in genuine concerns, may impact the degree to which a woman pursues career advancement. If a man feels confident about getting a promotion, he’ll make his desire known to upper management. A woman of equal qualifications, who believes that her gender will restrict her ability to advance, may be reluctant to pursue a new position aggressively.

A comprehensive study by Harvard Business School also helps to illustrate why women are passed over for promotions more frequently than men. Many people who thrive on their careers benefit from having a mentor who offers them advice. According to the study’s findings, however, there’s a clear difference between how mentors treat women and how they treat men.

Men typically receive a moderate amount of advice from their mentor. More importantly, with male employees, mentors are more likely to use their position to help an employee network with the right people. Women, on the other hand, receive too much advice from their mentors, possibly because they are viewed to be less qualified than their male counterparts. Unfortunately, mentors don’t usually exercise their influence to help women earn promotions. They supply an abundance of advice, but they don’t actually recommend them for any positions, depriving them of one of the key benefits a mentor can provide an employee.

In fact, many women involved in the study report that they have to challenge their mentor when trying to move up in an organization, whereas men generally don’t face this struggle. The mentor isn’t likely to accept that a woman is prepared for her new role.

Clearly, there is an equality gap, even if it isn’t legally-sanctioned. In the business world, women may have to work harder than their male counterparts to get noticed. In the meantime, it’s also important for companies and organizations to be aware of these disparities, so they can address them in the future.

References:

  • Bartz, C. (2014). Why Women Should Do Less & Network More. Fortune Online
  • Belanger, L. (2015). Making the Case for Women’s Career Development. Fast Company
  • Brescoll, V. (2013). Study: Men Seeking Career Advancement Are Favored for Flextime. Yale Insights
  • Hartmann, H. (2016). Women Need Equal Opportunities for Job Advancement. New York Times
  • Ibarra, H. (2010). Why Men Still Get More Promotions Than Women. Harvard Business Review Online
  • Lebowitz, S. (2015). A new study from Lean In and McKinsey finds exactly how much more likely men are to get promoted than women. Business Insider
  • Waller, M. (2016). How Men & Women See the Workplace Differently. Wall Street Journal
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