custom term papers

Archive

Archive for the ‘Writing Tips’ Category

How to Write an Event Report

February 22nd, 2017 Comments off

How to write an event report
Some academic disciplines require writing a post event report, and students’ knowledge of how to write an event report is of the utmost importance while challenging a good mark. The process of writing shall include three stages of pre-writing, while writing, and post-writing, each of which includes certain points that have to be taken into consideration.  Advice on how to write an event report would be useful for everybody from the schoolchildren who have to write a report on a school play to the elderly ballet lovers who would like to share their post-performance emotions on the senior center blog.

From the outset, it is necessary to emphasize that a report is not the same as an essay. While the latter concentrates on emotion and personal opinion, the first one has a more factual approach. Apparently, a report usually focuses on gaining a particular purpose; it is short, concise, and well-structured. An event report may describe a conference, official meeting, concert, play, or lecture. Despite all of these papers have their specificity, there are a number of points peculiar to all of them.

Before Writing an Event Report

It is worth spending a bit of time to think about the elements that the report will include. In case there is a required structure from the teacher, all the elements should be clear to a writer, so that he or she will pay attention to them during an event. For the report to be useful, a writer should keep in mind the target audience of an event report as well as the reader’s level of the topic knowledge. This stage also embraces the “watching” process accompanied by noting some key information that will be needed afterward. It includes names of the participants, places or events that were mentioned, and other information that will be useful while writing a report. Relying on memory is not a really good idea because it has a tendency to erase seemingly unnecessary details that may be of value to both a writer and a reader. Moreover, there is no need to postpone the writing for a long time since it will be much harder to recall all necessary data that has to be on the list.

While Writing an Event Report

In order to be well accepted by the reader, a report should be logical and meaningful. Therefore, a writer has to think and rethink the structure of an event report. Usually, it shall include an introduction, the main part, and a conclusion. The text should be neither too detailed nor too general. In the majority of cases, a writer needs to present an impersonal feedback on an attended event. The language shall be free of informal vocabulary and any kind of emotions.

After Writing an Event Report

There is lots of work left after the text has been written. The time spent on both proofreading and editing will considerably improve the quality of an event report. There is a particular need to pay attention to punctuation, wording, grammar, and style of an event report. Asking for help from a friend or a colleague on this stage may be useful and efficient since it is hard to spot own mistakes.

How to Write an Internship Report

February 22nd, 2017 Comments off

How to Write an Internship ReportHow to Write an Internship Report

Nowadays a successful internship can often define one’s further employment and future advancement on the career ladder. Becoming an intern in an already established company offers various opportunities and gives valuable experience. At the same time, critical feedback is crucial for both parties – the intern and the employer, thus, each student or any other active participant needs to know how to write an internship report. Despite the fact that often the task of objectively evaluating the pros and cons might look easy, it still involves various complications, such as understanding of the core functions of the firm, its primary needs, and what talent and potential are required to gain sustainable leadership and success. Therefore, knowing how to write an internship report is crucially important for one’s academic and future professional career.

Importance of Writing an Internship Report

A large enterprise or any other facilities that can potentially become one’s next employer are always interested in providing the best possible feedback to their interns as well as interns are doing everything to show their skills and perform well in the temporary position. Before starting writing, each intern needs to carefully study the main objectives of the company and where it stands in its field of business. In order to make the process of writing the report more convenient the information that will be used should be divided into subgroups. Each internship report might informatively vary depending on the field of work where the internship has been held. Nevertheless, a well-written internship report needs to be divided into several sections, each of which will describe and evaluate different activities and processes that have been implemented during the internship.

The Main Elements of an Internship Report

Hence, an internship report should include:

  • An introduction that gives more inside information about the company, its details, field of work, who were the supervisors, and what was the primary focus of the internship;
  • The central section that would in detail discuss a particular case, activity or the general tasks and responsibilities, which the intern had in a certain company;
  • The third section might include a Case Summary that would draw conclusions from the intern’s experience gained during the internship;
  • The final section might vary from Self Evaluation to Evaluation of the Facility and how well it corresponded to its primary function of serving as an arena for the intern’s development and growth in the company.

General Characteristics of an Internship Report

The sections of the internship report also vary depending on the field of work.  Nevertheless, regardless of the primary function of the internship, each internship report needs to provide accurate and comprehensive information about the conducted activities and gained experience. Internships often offer their participants future working positions that could become a great start to a fantastic career. In other cases, they provide a deep and meaningful understanding the primary responsibilities of the workers of the company, its objectives, policies, and plans for the future.

Therefore, when writing an internship report it is important to remember that this experience is a possible chance to make a good impression and find a job. Consequently, the report should resemble a comprehensive opinion on the internship, summarize the gained knowledge and how it influenced the intern regarding his or her future plans, goals, and ambitions. Finally, each individual should link the advancement of the personal career goals with the experience gained from the internship to have a better understanding of the influence made by the company.

How to Write an Essay Introduction for University

February 22nd, 2017 Comments off

how to write an essay introduction for university
In essence, an introduction generally is the opening paragraph of any particular university essay. In this respect, it is of particular importance for students to know how to write an essay introduction for university. An essay introduction plays a crucial role in the establishing the theme of the work and grabbing the attention of the readers. This part of an essay acts as a kind of a plan that outlines the main points and arguments of the paper. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the main steps of how to write an essay introduction for university.

Attract the Attention of the Readers

It is important to begin the introduction of an essay with a sentence that grabs the reader’s attention and interest. The best ways to do this is to start with indicating something interesting, providing and considering an interesting quote, providing a certain statistic, or just by telling a story. It is crucial to start an essay with some original and interesting angle through which it would be possible to engage readers in the topic. For instance, if it is needed to state that smoking marijuana is beneficial for human health, it is possible to start the introduction of an essay by referencing certain recent research on the topic from a credible source. There is no doubt that such strategy will attract the reader’s attention and interest while introducing the subject of an essay.

Provide Background Information

It is not advisable to start an essay introduction too broad, for example, by considering how literature helps people to comprehend life. It would be much better to tell the readers what it is needed to know to get their interest in the provided theme. In this respect, it can be stated that the accurate and well-thought-out provision of the needed background will help the readers to better comprehend the matter being presented. As such, this information will provide the context and the overall idea that can be vital to arguing and explaining the main points.

State the Thesis

As a matter of fact, a good thesis statement should reveal the main essence of a university essay. The thesis statement declares a debatable and argumentative point. Hence, the thesis cannot be an accomplished fact, as it should assert a certain position on a particular topic that a reader can potentially debate with. In a single and clear clause, it sums up the overall mission and purpose of a university essay. In addition, it also acts as the main idea which the writer would argue in the work.

Limit the Excessive Information

Eventually, a good and exemplary introduction of a university essay should not provide analysis and describe arguments, which should be presented in the body paragraphs. An essay introduction should introduce and arrange the main point, rather than provide information to support it. Finally, despite the fact that the introduction is a kind of a plan for the rest of the work, it is not advisable to precisely describe all the methods and techniques which would be revealed in the essay.

How to Write an Election Speech

February 22nd, 2017 Comments off

how to write an election speech
One of the most decisive features characterizing the twenty-first century implies that the politics has an unprecedented influence on each aspect of the societal life from a daily routine of an average citizen to the global issues alike global warming. In this context, it should be noted that the success of a political group largely depends on the efficient application of the available communication tools including the knowledge how to write an election speech. Therefore, being aware of how to write an election speech that would be consistent, effective, and persuasive has become a highly requested skill being particularly helpful for anyone willing to build a successful professional career.

The purpose of an election speech

The primary aim of an election speech implies gaining the support of an audience as an electoral group. Subsequently, the speaker should present a motivating and convincing arguments proving both the validity of the candidate’s actions’ plan and personal commitment to bring these ideas to life. In this context, it should be noted that elaborating a comprehensive and sustainable program is not enough to win the electoral preferences. Moreover, a candidate may receive an advantage over the rivals only in the case if his or her message was properly communicated and delivered to the target audience.

In this context, it should be noted that writing an election speech should not be associated exceptionally with the national politics. In particular, an effective election speech may also become an important tool for those willing to participate in the student government or get a job promotion. Subsequently, in a broader context, elaborating an election speech may be treated as an essential skill aimed at persuading the other people to take up certain attitude. Therefore, regardless of the sphere of application, the speechwriter should be aware of the several key tips underlying the candidate’s success.

Guidelines to write an election speech

  • Adhere to the basic principles of composition

Being primarily focused on presenting the arguments to gain the support of an audience, the speechwriter may neglect some of the basic principles underlying the text composition. At the same time, alike any other type of writing, an election speech should also involve a clear beginning, main body, and conclusion. Particularly, in the case of an election speech, the introduction implies a remarkable importance in terms receiving the listeners’ appreciation.

  • Concentrate on the major message

In many cases, the candidate’s election program involves a wide range of concepts and issues being addressed. At the same time, while preparing text, the speechwriter should concentrate on a single, unconventional, and catchy message which would remain in the listeners’ memory for a long time.

  • Take into account the audience being addressed

Before preparing an election speech, it is primarily important to define the key interests and concerns of the audience being addressed. Subsequently, the speechwriter should primarily appeal to the issues that are essentially important to the listeners. This tip also indicates the need to prepare a unique text to each specific occasion.

  • Appeal to the emotions of the audience

An election speech should necessarily involve an emotional component. Otherwise, it would have no distinctions from the candidates’ election program. At the same time, the text should not be overburdened with the emotions while, in this case, the listeners may consider a candidate to be a populist. Therefore, the speechwriter should put its best efforts to keep the balance between the facts and emotions.

4 Laws of Legal Writing Every Lawyer Should Know

December 9th, 2016 Comments off

legal-writing-rules
Legal language acts as a carrier of information and as means of influence on people. Lawyers draft the laws, conduct business correspondence, write interrogation protocols and other regulations, indictments, claims, judgments, treaties, agreements, applications and complaints due to the use of legal writing language. In legal writing practice we can encounter the texts where it is needed to stick to strict formal writing regulations (certificates, acts), but there are other text types that are written in a more free form. Below you may find four legal writing rules every lawyer should know.

1 Be Persuasive and Argumentative

Every legal writing should be presented in a persuasive way, so it must be not only a competent text, but also a reasoned and argumentative one. The main aim is to convince the reader or the listener. The written, information must be clear, as clarity of expression promotes the persuasion. For a lawyer the ability to speak eloquently and write literary quality papers is a must. Not depending on the communicative role, whether the lawyer is making the bills, carrying out the investigation, delivering a verdict, protecting the rights of the defendants, the main task of such a professional is to explain the rule of law to every citizen. Lawyers deal with a variety of life cases on a daily basis, they need to correctly assess situation, take right decision and convince those who addressed them in the correctness of their point of view. Below

2 Mind the Legal Writing Components

There are three legal writing components that are to be taken into consideration while compiling a legal writing text.

  • First, logic (data – analysis – conclusion), you need to follow the compliance with the laws of logic while presenting the material.
  • Second, objectiveness (scientific facts), argumentativeness and reasonableness, built on facts and special requirements for the selection of words that should provide understanding and clarity of the text.
  • Third component is generalization, standardization and consistency.

3 Use Plain Language

Everything in legal writing must be presented in the most clear, precise, simple and compact way. Therefore, speaking about legal language we often talk about the simplicity of style. Use of metaphors, idiomatic expressions and complex constructions are not appropriate. Legal writings, except for academic papers are written in an official-business style. Consequently, such papers have distinctive features, their “technique” is not typical or even acceptable for other stylistic genres.

4 Use the Right Terminology

There are three types of terms which can be used in legal writing: common, technical and legal. However, despite this diversity, terminology must be clear to the addressee and adequately reflect certain concepts. There are a lot of state expressions known as “legal formulae” in legal writing, such as: make a deal, in accordance with the law, provisions of this agreement, heir to the law, divorce, preventive measures. There are many other expressions of this type, they are easily remembered and are widely used in legal sphere.

Legal writing rules are very important for every lawyer, they are used in the course of investigation and during court hearings, in the course of negotiations and business meetings with the clients, it greatly contributes to mutual exchange of ideas and thoughts.

How to Write a Court Report

August 18th, 2016 Comments off

write report

In order to produce a concise and compelling court report, your number one task is to guide your target audience to what is really important. In other words, it’s the words and the way you tend to use them that determine how successful your communications will turn out. Further we will take a close look at the constituent parts of the knowledge of how to write a court report.

Court Report Purpose

The core purpose that stands behind the application and disposition of the court report lies in demonstrating the reasons why the application grounds should be 100% proved, as well as why the recommendation of the department should definitely be adopted. Next step includes you having a duty to the court, where you have to provide all details required for it to make its decision.

Your Target Audience

When working on the court report, it is required to know your target audience well. In this case, your audience is the court, which means your project must be produced with these aspects in mind. At the same time, the family also turns to be the recipients of the report. In other words, your language should be easy-to-understand to both children and parents. To complete this mission, make sure to go through your court report with parents or children before the court.

Departmental Obligation

When the matter concerns the court system, the department is usually provided with the right to provide the court with all related information needed to make a fully informed decision. For that reason, your court report must comprise all related facts that the department representatives have considered in reaching its decision. Make sure to give all necessary information that is crucial to reach the decision that will be fair and based on solid evidence. To cut it, the court report is the type of a project that will comprise information that both supports and challenges the department’s recommendation. This in turn means it’s a matter of how much weight the representatives of the department have actually placed on different facts. For instance, in a situation, where the kid has disclosed abuse, as well as retracted the statement, the department must provide the court with the information about both the disclosure and the retraction. Besides, the department is obliged to provide explanations on why one statement has been considered, while the other has been given less weight.

Information Sourcing

Where the court report author does not participate in the process of the assessment, he or she is obliged to source the content of the report in a proper manner. For instance, in cases, where you are required to generate a report for the court on a particular case that has been already managed by some other individual, it is required to note directly at the beginning of the project: “The court report content is based entirely on my personal reading of the files provided by the department.” As an alternative, feel free to put the following claim froward: “I have been given a permission to read the department files on the case to gain the following information.”

When faced with a contradictory ideas on how to write a court report, remember that presenting your information in plain English is a must. Keep repetition to a minimum. This will provide you with an opportunity to present facts in the most accessible manner possible that is a 100% success guarantee.

Writing a Will That Is Legally Sound

June 29th, 2016 Comments off

 Legally Sound

It’s better sooner than later but better later than never. A will is a document that comes into action after you pass away. It may sound sad, but yes, we will all die sometime. And there is nothing more unpleasant than dying and leaving your beloved ones without your final word and testament. The will can be written by you (will maker), your lawyer or by a will writing service.

Compiling a testament proves not only your understanding and readiness to die, but also your preparation and studious planning for it. Below you can find a guidance on how to write a will before leaving this world.

Put Down Executors

Carefully choose the people you trust your financial course of events. Unpaid debts, mortgages and other financial issues are to be taken care of by them. It has to be a trusted and reliable friend or a relative or any close person of yours. Executors will also make sure that whatever was written in your will is carried out.

Make It Legal

Make sure that the will is dated and signed. After completing it double-check that it is signed by you and by two witnesses. If you want to make it more legal and binding you can have it signed by a notary. Good news is that it’s not obligatory, it’s optional.

Store It Right

Writing a will is one thing, but it’s very important to have it kept and stored in a safe place afterwards. Putting it in a hidden place that nobody knows or simply throwing it in your shoe box is not a good idea. Make sure that your trusted person will be able to find it along with important documents, passwords and valuables. The best idea is to put it in your safe.

Pick Guardians

The most difficult part is to choose the people responsible for your children when you decease – guardians for your kids and their property. Be very careful with putting down the names in your will. Spelling is very important and any mistake may be fatal.

Will Is Never Enough

There’s always a place for emotions, humour and sentiments in our life. If you also have some sentimental speech to say you can attach a letter with it to the will. Some letters may be addressed to the guardians, witnesses, kids, spouse or even your enemies. They will show your hopes, express your desires and simply show your gratitude and express love.

Even knowing how to write a will, it’s not an easy thing to do, but as soon as you start doing it, it will help you understand who you trust, value and rely on in life.

How to Know What Kind of Lawyer You’d Like to Become

June 7th, 2016 Comments off

how to be a lawyer

In today’s contemporary society having a personal psychiatrist who you visit once or twice a week is considered normal, acceptable and desired. But having a personal lawyer who you can address anytime on different issues is a must.

More and more people are striving for becoming successful and well-paid lawyers these days. But in order to become one of them,it’s very important to choose the right lawyer specialization. Below you can find our lawyer specializations guide with advice that will help you to make the decision on what type of lawyer you would like to be.

Listen to Your Heart

There’s a huge difference between the type of a lawyer you want to be and the type of a lawyer you truly are. These are not just the dreams and ambitions, but also common sense and self-analysis. Who else but you would know what you are really good at and what skills for this or that particular position you have. As people say: “It’s better to be excellent at one thing, rather than good at many things”.

Practice, Practice, Practice

Choosing the lawyer type you want to become is one thing. But apart from making this choice a lot of efforts are to be put to become one. Constant library visits, a lot of literature and reading are your friends on this way. Of course law materials cost a fortune, but aren’t they worth it?

Knowledge Is Power

Who owns information – owns the world. Make deep research on lawyer types and try to choose the one to your liking: family lawyer, tax lawyer, criminal lawyer, general practice lawyer, immigration lawyer, etc. Needed skills, decent knowledge, required education and subjects are also to be examined.

Just Ask

The best way to get some useful recommendations is to ask those who are involved in the similar sphere. Interesting cases, a word of advice and other helpful guidance on future choice won’t be out of place. It’s only due to practice and experience of others that you will be able to get a better insight in the “world of law”.

Be Ready to Change

You may be convinced that you are an inborn corporate law attorney, working on a flexible schedule and leading a busy life. You can’t imagine yourself working in another position. But at some point you want to be a family lawyer. No panic, it’s ok to have situations like that. It’s important to be always ready to change.

It’s worth mentioning that making the right choice is good. But sometimes it’s making the wrong choice that helps us understand  what we want for ourselves. Hope our lawyer specializations guide had had set you on the right path, good luck!

7 Books You Need to Read for Legal Drafting

May 17th, 2016 Comments off

books legalThe matter of legal drafting is a strongly composed method of writing, which can be quite scary for a person who have never dealt with it. The initial stage of writing a legal document is understanding its context. It includes learning the language applied in legal hearing, and the names of legal scholars and attorneys in every court case. When unfamiliar with the law sphere, a law dictionary is the first book of choice.

Here are a few legal drafting books, that will help you to excel in the legal drafting process.

  • Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law (2011). This is a convenient and extensive guide to the language of law. It can be useful for both novice writers and the legal professionals. The dictionary includes more than 10,000 articles, as well as pronunciations and quotations.

 

  • Black’s Law Dictionary (2009). The most widely cited law book. With more than 45,000 articles, including new terms, it is considered to be the gold standard for the language of law.
  • Legal Writing in a Nutshell by Lynn Bahrych (2009). This is the lawyer’s handbook for writing more efficiently, plainly and precisely. The book provides keys to writing briefs and legal memoranda, creating clear and concise sentences, accurate use of legal language and grammar, and to convincing writing. It also describes methods for analysing and improving an individual writing style, as well as samples of briefs and legal memoranda to illustrate effective techniques.
  • Legal Writing Handbook: Analysis, Research, and Writing by Anne Enquist and Laurel Currie Oates. The book focuses on the key components of the legal writing: research, writing and analysis. With its comprehensive approach, the book is extremely popular among the law students and professors. Besides, it offers advice on how to avoid procrastination and other writing barriers.
  • Legal Writing by Sheila Simon and Richard K. Neumann (2011). This friendly book provides a brief yet complete coverage of appellate briefs, motion memos and office memos. An informal style teaches through the process of writing and the use of storytelling and policy to build an argument.
  • The Redbook: A Manual on Legal Style by Bryan A. Garner, Jeff Newman, and Tiger Jackson (2006). The book includes an extensive guide to essential rules of legal writing. It focuses on the particular needs of legal writers and answers the questions about grammar and style. It gives authoritative and detailed advice on spelling, punctuation, footnotes, citations and capitalisation, with illustrations in legal context. It describes how legal writing differs from other styles of writing.
  • Legal Writing: A Systematic Approach by Diana Pratt (2004). The book is written for law students. Each step of the writing process is introduced separately, so students could master each skill before taking another one. The book includes an introduction to the law, the basic office memorandum, legal analysis, a brief to the trial court, appellate and oral advocacy.

Legal writing could be challenging for newcomers, as well as for the experienced writers. However, scholars publish legal drafting books and writing guides to support new legal writers, so they know where to start, and advanced ones helping them to polish their work.

Writing in Criminology: Why is Quality Important

March 23rd, 2016 Comments off

why is quality important

If your dream career is focused on the area of criminology and criminal justice, apart from being highly interested in human nature and objectively analyzing evidence, you should have excellent writing skills. No matter what your specific criminology field is, written communication is among the most required skills. The use of written language can be traced everywhere: criminologists issue proposals, produce reports and written records on the findings. Here are a few good points regarding why criminology students must enhance their writing skills in order to be more effective in their future career:

  • First Impression Matters

A poorly produced report will demonstrate your inability to cope with the work and low level of intelligence. Moreover, it will leave someone with a bad impression of your dedication. In other words, a poorly completed report on the case will prove the absence of your interest in taking the time to do a good report.

Unwanted Consequences

In case with the criminology materials, a poorly organized and written report can mean the difference between a murderer going free and being put into jail. As a rule, all arrest documents are being declined by the district and state attorneys due to the errors or in case the documents look like written by a four year old kid. Don’t give anyone a chance to question your professionalism, work on your writing skills!

  • Effective Communication Is Vital to Success

Writing skills of high level are crucial to reaching the goal of voluntary compliance with the law. As future criminology workers, students have to already learn how to articulate their reasoning and actions to the public to maintain their support once they’re in the criminal justice world. The point is that the very first resource the media outlets tend to look at when an incident occurs is the reports generated by the police. Without knowing how to effectively highlight the details of the case you won’t be able to present your research and findings in order to persuade the others.

  • Ability to Avoid the Court Attend

A report that includes all aspects of the case and has a cohesive structure does not only demonstrate your ability to professionally communicate in a written form. In addition to that, it actually helps you to avoid having to attend the court. If there are no errors or misunderstandings in the report, and it leaves no space for questions in general, the counsel may not call the officer into the court. 

  • An Open Door to the Writing Career in Criminal Justice

It seems like people have always been hooked to the areas like crime and punishment. That is why writing about the experiences in the criminal justice world is a perfect gateway for the students who would like to boost their writing skills on a particular matter.    

To sum up, in every instance of the criminology, the ability to professionally write is one of the vital skills. In order to get the desired position, you need to start enhancing your written language long before you graduate.