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9 Cunning Reasons That Make Some Students Commit a Crime

November 10th, 2017 Comments off

students commit crimes Being young is a very exciting time period in our life. You are so overly energetic, inspired, brave, funny, and full of beliefs that you are able to do anything you wish. This is an important period when we become adults, acquire experience, and begin to understand the main rules and tendencies. Unfortunately, this is the period of multiple misfortunes, disappointments, and mistakes.

One of the greatest mistakes that could be possibly done by any student is to commit a crime. This will become a big black spot in your biography, which may follow you until the rest of your days. That is why it is utterly important to avoid any sort of crime. There are many ways to do that. It is also significant to figure out the reasons that push students to violate the law.

Here are some common factors that lead to law violations:

  1. The increase of the income. Most students don’t have huge budgets. Thus, they are forced to save money and spend it on different things that are associated with their learning. However, they wish to get some finer things or various kinds of entertainment. Consequently, they undergo robberies, selling illegal products or something of the kind to enrich their pockets.
  2. The showing-off. Some students may commit a crime to show how cool and harsh they are. This is a very bright example of how our occupation may affect us. At times, youngsters commit crimes for the pure fun.
  3. Peer group pressure. Our environment is one of the determining factors of our behavior. In most cases, an individual gets under a strong influence of his/her peers and will do different things just to remain in the company. There is a high proportion of young people who are unsupervised by parents and state. Oftentimes, they become criminals.
  4. Parental criminality. Another reason derives from a criminal parent or both of them. Children commonly imitate the behavior of their parents.
  5. Family issues. Serious family conflicts, poor parental discipline, and supervision are other contributors to inappropriate behavior and growing up of children.
  6. Low family income. Multiple studies prove that children from families with low income are predisposed to become criminals.
  7. Social isolation. One should consider the alienation from society. Lonely people feel abandoned and don’t wish to follow any rules and restrictions.
  8. Drug or alcohol misuse. The use of forbidden and harmful substances is the enemy of any society and makes young people undertake criminal actions.
  9. Mental diseases. Some students suffer from different psychological ailments, which negatively affect their behavior.

Mind that this is not the full list. It describes only some common reasons. Nevertheless, there are much more of them.

At any rate, you should remember that your youth will not last forever. Therefore, spend it with pleasure and reason. Do not waste this marvelous time on fatal errors.

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The Great Choice: 8 Branches of Law You Are to Choose among Before Entering a College

November 2nd, 2017 Comments off

great choiceBefore you enter a college, you should make allowances for different aspects. It is necessary to choose the one, which can meet all your demands and expectations. However, the main thing each student should think about is the choice of the discipline. If you are going to enter the law college and receive the desired degree, you ought to be totally sure that it will suit you.

Mind that there are various law branches, and you should know each to make the correct choice. Here is the pickup of 8 perspective law directions. Have a look at some brief information about each and try to find the one that is suitable.

  • Admiralty law. If you are good at economics, you should choose this direction. It deals with economic transactions and all property disputes which are maritime by their nature. Mark that this is not a synonym to the Law of the Sea.
  • S. Bankruptcy law. This branch deals with the insolvency issue of private individuals and/or organizations. This is the domain of Federal law. If choosing this direction, you will become an expert in the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. It is considered to be of great importance and difficult to master.
  • Corporate law. This one has the direct association with the administration of corporations of various kinds. Such experts commonly deal with mergers, reorganization of corporations from within, various aspects of responsibility, compliance, and so on. Besides, you will deal with international accords.
  • Civil rights law. This is another important and interest direction. The attorneys will regulate the relations between the government and individuals or group of individuals. Thus, you might be busy with any sort of discriminations or cases, when the rights of citizens were infringed.
  • Criminal law. This branch is obvious. The lawyers will deal with different kinds of crime. There is a tremendous variety of aspects. All illegal behavior cases are related to the criminal law. You may become either a defender or a prosecutor.
  • Entertainment law. This branch has a slight relation to intellectual property issues. Nevertheless, in most cases, it resolves problems of media, cinema, music, art and/or athletics.
  • Environmental law. If you choose this direction, your practice will be based on federal, state and/or transitional laws. You will be a representative of various companies or individuals. Undoubtedly, you will be busy with the problems related to environmental violations. You will defend public health.
  • Intellectual Property law. You will be focused on the protection of rights of inventors and authors who have implemented new things in the spheres of science, arts, and so on.

This is a list of pretty common law directions. Nevertheless, these are only a few out of a great variety. You should consider other branches, which are associated with family, health, international affairs, and so on. The list is actually long.

Consider each type and make the correct choice to have the job you’ll like.

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7 Law Schools That Will Come in Handy to Master Your Knowledge

August 22nd, 2017 Comments off

Are you considering attending law school but haven’t quite made up your mind? Or maybe you just want to brush up on some of the fine points of international legal systems. Here are eight great programs to spark your interest and grow your foundational knowledge.

  1. Yale English Language Institute’s Law Seminar Short Course. In just six weeks, you can acquire some detailed knowledge of the law in the US. This short course is perfect for students who consider attending an American law school, with an emphasis on the specific English language skills that you need to succeed in the profession.
  2. Trails of Evidence: How Forensic Science Works from The Great Courses. This is the perfect course for students who love crime shows or detective novels, exploring not only the actual process of solving a crime but also the fictional portrayal of crime throughout history. Let’s face it: there’s something about a crime that intrigues us. Here you can learn the true story behind the evaluation of evidence in solving a crime.
  3. Extended International Foundation Year in Business, Economics, Law and Social Sciences at the University of Surrey. This course is designed to prepare future law students in necessary study skills and language competence as well as knowledge of related fields like economics, business, and social sciences.
  4. Law Gap Year Programme (for ages 17-19) at Oxford Royale Academy. If you want to take a year off to consider whether or not the study of law is for you, this “Law Gap Year” is perfect. You can enhance your understanding of the legal field through coursework and research, building a solid foundation for the future studies.
  5. An Introduction to American Law at Case Western Reserve University. Do you want to make a real difference in the world? This course will give you the inside information you need to work towards the world peace. Learn the ins and outs of international criminal law from experts, including the challenges around world issues like genocide, piracy, and terrorism.
  6. Children’s Human Rights – an Interdisciplinary Introduction at the University of Geneva. Do you desire a deep understanding of the intricacies of human rights? Start with the rights of the most innocent and helpless – children. What are the specific challenges in the international promotion of children’s rights? What strategies have worked? And who are the key players in ensuring the rights of children all over the world? Learn about all these issues in detail with the help of this program.
  7. International Law in Action: A Guide to the International Courts and Tribunals in The Hague at the University of Leiden.  Learn about all the ins and outs of international law in the location where it all takes place: The Hague. Here you will learn about international courts and tribunals and their role in addressing contemporary problems. The course also features interviews with lawyers and judges who are directly involved with the administration of global justice.

With all these options, you are to find the program that’s just right for you. Good luck!

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How to Write a Barrister Brief That Will Count

March 16th, 2017 Comments off

write a barristerFirst of all, it must be defined what the barrister brief actually is. In the nutshell, the barrister brief is a set of instructions that are given to a barrister by a solicitor or a client directly, though it usually involves both the barrister and solicitor. The brief is prepared by solicitor with the aim to instruct and give all relevant information about the case, as well as to certain background facts to help barrister to do his work as quickly as possible to avoid delays.

To begin with, there are no set rules on how the structure of the briefs or instructions should appear, as much as there is no single list of documents that should be added to the brief. Everything depends on the case itself. However, there are some basic elements on how to write a barrister brief that must be considered by solicitor when preparing documents, files and instructions for barrister.

Preparation:

The most important part in preparation is discussing all peculiarities with the client to avoid any possible misunderstanding. It must be stated clearly that solicitor is going to brief a barrister, the issue about the basis the barrister will charge should also be discussed beforehand. The discussion should include client’s personal attitude to the settlement, compromise or the case in general as a brief with no statements from the client is de facto worthless.

Essentials:

  1. Timing. Doing everything in time sometimes means success. Delivering documents and other information in time gives the Counsel an opportunity to spend more time revising and trying to understand the case, rather than making quick decisions. The solicitor is to state precise time limitations and time by which you desire material to be sent back.
  2. As it was mentioned above – a brief without statements from the client is almost invalid, moreover those statements should be given in exact chronological order. It should also mention all relevant documents.
  3. Sign it. Make sure you have stated your name and contacts on the front cover. It makes the process of looking for the briefs way more time-efficient.
  4. Concerning implicated documents – they must be of good quality. All the copies should be presented in the strict order and must readable. Avoid using low-quality materials and black and white photos – they are invalid. It is also worth to make an electronic copy of your brief. It enables fast ways of searching through the document.
  5. As the main format of presenting, the brief is physical one be sure your physical copy is of good quality as well. It must be kept in a nice folder, printed only on one A4 side as pages may be rearranged later.
  6. Apply all relevant documents. If you doubt if the document is relevant you’d better apply it as it is easier and takes less time to ignore additional information than to seek for unknown. Remember, time means not only money but success as well.
  7. Organize the brief in a rational way. Stick to the order the documents are going to be revised on trial. Reorganize the brief if it is needed and for sure update it while drafting it.
  8. Frame a list of all documents that are going to be used in the brief for a barrister to understand what to expect.

How to Do a Well Written Employment Certificate

March 14th, 2017 Comments off

employment certificateJob search is a job of its own as it needs a lot of efforts and time. Employment certificate is a business card of every employee that may help the employer to learn your professional career by having read the document. What is written by you in the employment certificate can influence not just your current search of career, but your future in general. Knowing how to write employment certificate is a key to success and a good job position. Before composing the employment certificate, you need to read a few simple and important rules that should be taken into account.

Stick to reverse chronological order

Your employment path is best described in the reverse chronological order – from the last place of work to the first one. It has to be this way because the skills you used at first workplace could be forgotten now and it is your last experience that has a great professional relevance. Everything should be outlined as follows: after the name of the place of work it is better to mention your key achievements in the company. If you held several positions in the same company (for example, at first you worked as an assistant, then as a specialist, then as the head), indicate this as one record. Provide examples of what you have achieved in a previous job. Increased company’s sales? Reduced the company’s costs? Successfully managed a team of 50 people? Well, everything must be indicated here.

Avoid gaps and understatement

It may happen that you haven’t worked for some time, maybe you were on maternity or paternity leave or worked on not official grounds, it does not matter whether it was time off for education, leisure or any other reason, but it has to be mentioned. This experience must be included in your employment certificate. It is strongly recommended, especially if you have such gaps between the work places, so fill this information and describe what you were doing at that time. Specifying this information in your employment certificate is important as the more details you provide the better it is. It may also happen that you haven’t worked anywhere and even if you do not have any experience, you still have the positive qualities that may be of a great value to the employer.

Keep up to the structure

While writing an employment certificate, do not forget about the SMART principle. Everything you write has to be specific, measurable, attainable and time-based. You also need to mind the writing structure and put the information on previous workplaces in the following order: month and year when you started working, month and year of your dismissal; name of organization; company’s business profile; your position (or positions) with a list of the duties performed. The most important thing to be considered when compiling employment certificate is to provide only accurate information. Focus on your merits, correctly and competently enumerate them and without doubt truth will work better than a lie.

Knowing how to write employment certificate certainly increases the chances of getting an invitation for a job interview and the desired position.

How to Write an Event Report

February 22nd, 2017 Comments off

How to write an event report
Some academic disciplines require writing a post event report, and students’ knowledge of how to write an event report is of the utmost importance while challenging a good mark. The process of writing shall include three stages of pre-writing, while writing, and post-writing, each of which includes certain points that have to be taken into consideration.  Advice on how to write an event report would be useful for everybody from the schoolchildren who have to write a report on a school play to the elderly ballet lovers who would like to share their post-performance emotions on the senior center blog.

From the outset, it is necessary to emphasize that a report is not the same as an essay. While the latter concentrates on emotion and personal opinion, the first one has a more factual approach. Apparently, a report usually focuses on gaining a particular purpose; it is short, concise, and well-structured. An event report may describe a conference, official meeting, concert, play, or lecture. Despite all of these papers have their specificity, there are a number of points peculiar to all of them.

Before Writing an Event Report

It is worth spending a bit of time to think about the elements that the report will include. In case there is a required structure from the teacher, all the elements should be clear to a writer, so that he or she will pay attention to them during an event. For the report to be useful, a writer should keep in mind the target audience of an event report as well as the reader’s level of the topic knowledge. This stage also embraces the “watching” process accompanied by noting some key information that will be needed afterward. It includes names of the participants, places or events that were mentioned, and other information that will be useful while writing a report. Relying on memory is not a really good idea because it has a tendency to erase seemingly unnecessary details that may be of value to both a writer and a reader. Moreover, there is no need to postpone the writing for a long time since it will be much harder to recall all necessary data that has to be on the list.

While Writing an Event Report

In order to be well accepted by the reader, a report should be logical and meaningful. Therefore, a writer has to think and rethink the structure of an event report. Usually, it shall include an introduction, the main part, and a conclusion. The text should be neither too detailed nor too general. In the majority of cases, a writer needs to present an impersonal feedback on an attended event. The language shall be free of informal vocabulary and any kind of emotions.

After Writing an Event Report

There is lots of work left after the text has been written. The time spent on both proofreading and editing will considerably improve the quality of an event report. There is a particular need to pay attention to punctuation, wording, grammar, and style of an event report. Asking for help from a friend or a colleague on this stage may be useful and efficient since it is hard to spot own mistakes.

How to Write an Internship Report

February 22nd, 2017 Comments off

How to Write an Internship ReportHow to Write an Internship Report

Nowadays a successful internship can often define one’s further employment and future advancement on the career ladder. Becoming an intern in an already established company offers various opportunities and gives valuable experience. At the same time, critical feedback is crucial for both parties – the intern and the employer, thus, each student or any other active participant needs to know how to write an internship report. Despite the fact that often the task of objectively evaluating the pros and cons might look easy, it still involves various complications, such as understanding of the core functions of the firm, its primary needs, and what talent and potential are required to gain sustainable leadership and success. Therefore, knowing how to write an internship report is crucially important for one’s academic and future professional career.

Importance of Writing an Internship Report

A large enterprise or any other facilities that can potentially become one’s next employer are always interested in providing the best possible feedback to their interns as well as interns are doing everything to show their skills and perform well in the temporary position. Before starting writing, each intern needs to carefully study the main objectives of the company and where it stands in its field of business. In order to make the process of writing the report more convenient the information that will be used should be divided into subgroups. Each internship report might informatively vary depending on the field of work where the internship has been held. Nevertheless, a well-written internship report needs to be divided into several sections, each of which will describe and evaluate different activities and processes that have been implemented during the internship.

The Main Elements of an Internship Report

Hence, an internship report should include:

  • An introduction that gives more inside information about the company, its details, field of work, who were the supervisors, and what was the primary focus of the internship;
  • The central section that would in detail discuss a particular case, activity or the general tasks and responsibilities, which the intern had in a certain company;
  • The third section might include a Case Summary that would draw conclusions from the intern’s experience gained during the internship;
  • The final section might vary from Self Evaluation to Evaluation of the Facility and how well it corresponded to its primary function of serving as an arena for the intern’s development and growth in the company.

General Characteristics of an Internship Report

The sections of the internship report also vary depending on the field of work.  Nevertheless, regardless of the primary function of the internship, each internship report needs to provide accurate and comprehensive information about the conducted activities and gained experience. Internships often offer their participants future working positions that could become a great start to a fantastic career. In other cases, they provide a deep and meaningful understanding the primary responsibilities of the workers of the company, its objectives, policies, and plans for the future.

Therefore, when writing an internship report it is important to remember that this experience is a possible chance to make a good impression and find a job. Consequently, the report should resemble a comprehensive opinion on the internship, summarize the gained knowledge and how it influenced the intern regarding his or her future plans, goals, and ambitions. Finally, each individual should link the advancement of the personal career goals with the experience gained from the internship to have a better understanding of the influence made by the company.

How to Write an Essay Introduction for University

February 22nd, 2017 Comments off

how to write an essay introduction for university
In essence, an introduction generally is the opening paragraph of any particular university essay. In this respect, it is of particular importance for students to know how to write an essay introduction for university. An essay introduction plays a crucial role in the establishing the theme of the work and grabbing the attention of the readers. This part of an essay acts as a kind of a plan that outlines the main points and arguments of the paper. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the main steps of how to write an essay introduction for university.

Attract the Attention of the Readers

It is important to begin the introduction of an essay with a sentence that grabs the reader’s attention and interest. The best ways to do this is to start with indicating something interesting, providing and considering an interesting quote, providing a certain statistic, or just by telling a story. It is crucial to start an essay with some original and interesting angle through which it would be possible to engage readers in the topic. For instance, if it is needed to state that smoking marijuana is beneficial for human health, it is possible to start the introduction of an essay by referencing certain recent research on the topic from a credible source. There is no doubt that such strategy will attract the reader’s attention and interest while introducing the subject of an essay.

Provide Background Information

It is not advisable to start an essay introduction too broad, for example, by considering how literature helps people to comprehend life. It would be much better to tell the readers what it is needed to know to get their interest in the provided theme. In this respect, it can be stated that the accurate and well-thought-out provision of the needed background will help the readers to better comprehend the matter being presented. As such, this information will provide the context and the overall idea that can be vital to arguing and explaining the main points.

State the Thesis

As a matter of fact, a good thesis statement should reveal the main essence of a university essay. The thesis statement declares a debatable and argumentative point. Hence, the thesis cannot be an accomplished fact, as it should assert a certain position on a particular topic that a reader can potentially debate with. In a single and clear clause, it sums up the overall mission and purpose of a university essay. In addition, it also acts as the main idea which the writer would argue in the work.

Limit the Excessive Information

Eventually, a good and exemplary introduction of a university essay should not provide analysis and describe arguments, which should be presented in the body paragraphs. An essay introduction should introduce and arrange the main point, rather than provide information to support it. Finally, despite the fact that the introduction is a kind of a plan for the rest of the work, it is not advisable to precisely describe all the methods and techniques which would be revealed in the essay.

How to Write an Election Speech

February 22nd, 2017 Comments off

how to write an election speech
One of the most decisive features characterizing the twenty-first century implies that the politics has an unprecedented influence on each aspect of the societal life from a daily routine of an average citizen to the global issues alike global warming. In this context, it should be noted that the success of a political group largely depends on the efficient application of the available communication tools including the knowledge how to write an election speech. Therefore, being aware of how to write an election speech that would be consistent, effective, and persuasive has become a highly requested skill being particularly helpful for anyone willing to build a successful professional career.

The purpose of an election speech

The primary aim of an election speech implies gaining the support of an audience as an electoral group. Subsequently, the speaker should present a motivating and convincing arguments proving both the validity of the candidate’s actions’ plan and personal commitment to bring these ideas to life. In this context, it should be noted that elaborating a comprehensive and sustainable program is not enough to win the electoral preferences. Moreover, a candidate may receive an advantage over the rivals only in the case if his or her message was properly communicated and delivered to the target audience.

In this context, it should be noted that writing an election speech should not be associated exceptionally with the national politics. In particular, an effective election speech may also become an important tool for those willing to participate in the student government or get a job promotion. Subsequently, in a broader context, elaborating an election speech may be treated as an essential skill aimed at persuading the other people to take up certain attitude. Therefore, regardless of the sphere of application, the speechwriter should be aware of the several key tips underlying the candidate’s success.

Guidelines to write an election speech

  • Adhere to the basic principles of composition

Being primarily focused on presenting the arguments to gain the support of an audience, the speechwriter may neglect some of the basic principles underlying the text composition. At the same time, alike any other type of writing, an election speech should also involve a clear beginning, main body, and conclusion. Particularly, in the case of an election speech, the introduction implies a remarkable importance in terms receiving the listeners’ appreciation.

  • Concentrate on the major message

In many cases, the candidate’s election program involves a wide range of concepts and issues being addressed. At the same time, while preparing text, the speechwriter should concentrate on a single, unconventional, and catchy message which would remain in the listeners’ memory for a long time.

  • Take into account the audience being addressed

Before preparing an election speech, it is primarily important to define the key interests and concerns of the audience being addressed. Subsequently, the speechwriter should primarily appeal to the issues that are essentially important to the listeners. This tip also indicates the need to prepare a unique text to each specific occasion.

  • Appeal to the emotions of the audience

An election speech should necessarily involve an emotional component. Otherwise, it would have no distinctions from the candidates’ election program. At the same time, the text should not be overburdened with the emotions while, in this case, the listeners may consider a candidate to be a populist. Therefore, the speechwriter should put its best efforts to keep the balance between the facts and emotions.

4 Laws of Legal Writing Every Lawyer Should Know

December 9th, 2016 Comments off

legal-writing-rules
Legal language acts as a carrier of information and as means of influence on people. Lawyers draft the laws, conduct business correspondence, write interrogation protocols and other regulations, indictments, claims, judgments, treaties, agreements, applications and complaints due to the use of legal writing language. In legal writing practice we can encounter the texts where it is needed to stick to strict formal writing regulations (certificates, acts), but there are other text types that are written in a more free form. Below you may find four legal writing rules every lawyer should know.

1 Be Persuasive and Argumentative

Every legal writing should be presented in a persuasive way, so it must be not only a competent text, but also a reasoned and argumentative one. The main aim is to convince the reader or the listener. The written, information must be clear, as clarity of expression promotes the persuasion. For a lawyer the ability to speak eloquently and write literary quality papers is a must. Not depending on the communicative role, whether the lawyer is making the bills, carrying out the investigation, delivering a verdict, protecting the rights of the defendants, the main task of such a professional is to explain the rule of law to every citizen. Lawyers deal with a variety of life cases on a daily basis, they need to correctly assess situation, take right decision and convince those who addressed them in the correctness of their point of view. Below

2 Mind the Legal Writing Components

There are three legal writing components that are to be taken into consideration while compiling a legal writing text.

  • First, logic (data – analysis – conclusion), you need to follow the compliance with the laws of logic while presenting the material.
  • Second, objectiveness (scientific facts), argumentativeness and reasonableness, built on facts and special requirements for the selection of words that should provide understanding and clarity of the text.
  • Third component is generalization, standardization and consistency.

3 Use Plain Language

Everything in legal writing must be presented in the most clear, precise, simple and compact way. Therefore, speaking about legal language we often talk about the simplicity of style. Use of metaphors, idiomatic expressions and complex constructions are not appropriate. Legal writings, except for academic papers are written in an official-business style. Consequently, such papers have distinctive features, their “technique” is not typical or even acceptable for other stylistic genres.

4 Use the Right Terminology

There are three types of terms which can be used in legal writing: common, technical and legal. However, despite this diversity, terminology must be clear to the addressee and adequately reflect certain concepts. There are a lot of state expressions known as “legal formulae” in legal writing, such as: make a deal, in accordance with the law, provisions of this agreement, heir to the law, divorce, preventive measures. There are many other expressions of this type, they are easily remembered and are widely used in legal sphere.

Legal writing rules are very important for every lawyer, they are used in the course of investigation and during court hearings, in the course of negotiations and business meetings with the clients, it greatly contributes to mutual exchange of ideas and thoughts.