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How a Bill Becomes a Law

August 10th, 2009 No comments

America is known as the country of freedom, but if we had no established laws, Americans would not be as prosperous as we are today. The process of making laws, known as the legislative process, is governed by rules, laws and procedures. Although the legislative process is long and complex, all laws begin as simple ideas. When a member of Congress has an idea for a new law they present it as a bill, which is the most common type of legislation. The path of a bill, from the time it is just an idea to the time it arrives at the President’s desk for approval, is paved with many detours. A bill must be passed through both houses of congress, the House of Representatives or the Senate, in identical form, before it can be made a law. This is achieved through a step-by-step process that begins in either house.

When a bill originates in the House of Representatives the idea is presented to a representative. The Representative decides whether or not they want to sponsor the bill and introduce it to the rest of the house. If the Representative decides not to sponsor the bill, he sets it aside and does nothing, which is known as tabling the bill. Eventually the bill is forgotten about and dies. If they choose to sponsor it, they present the bill to the Chief Clerk of the House. The chief assigns the bill a number to keep track of it through this process. Then the bill is sent to the U.S. Government Printing Office to make copies and is returned to the house. The copies are dispersed to the rest of the Representatives and the bill goes through its first reading. The speaker then assigns a committee to further review the bill. The committee will put the bill through public hearings and work sessions where revisions and additions can be made. If there are additions made to the bill, it is reprinted and includes the new amendments. After it is reviewed the Committee Chair signs it. The revised bill goes through a second reading, and finally a third reading before the house can vote on it. The bill must receive the majority of the houses votes to be passed on to the other house. Read more…

Megan’s Law in Australia

July 24th, 2009 No comments

John Lewthwaite is a man who had been charged and convicted for the murder of five-year-old Nicole Hann in 1974. Lewthwaite, who was nineteen at the time, had fantasised about abducting and raping Nicole’s then nine-year-old brother. Young Nicole awoke one afternoon as Lewthwaite broke into her home. He stabbed her seventeen times. Lewthwaite was released back into the community after serving twenty-five years of his prison sentence. The community he took residence in was fearful and outraged; their main concern was for the safety of their children.

Good morning/afternoon Miss Wiggins and girls. Ours is an increasingly dangerous society with increases in both the malevolency and the rate of crime. Part of the problem lies in abuse of our advancing technology and media inducing increase in tolerance of popular-cultural interests such as violent movies, music, video games influencing today’s youths to commit crimes we have never imagined. This generation is in need of limits and boundaries, legal guidelines that enable individuals to achieve social cohesion. We are a generation that lives in constant fear. The rate of child sex crimes is on the rise. Parents of young children now live in fear that their child may also fall a victim to sexual crime. In 1993 to 1994, there were 4392 children who were believed to have been involved in substantiated cases of child sex abuse whereby substantiated means there is reasonable cause to believe that the child has been or is being abused. One Australian study in 1988 estimated that twenty-eight percent of girls and nine percent of boys had been involved in some form of sexual abuse in Australia. Child abuse includes crimes such as child sexual assault, child sexual victimisation, child exploitation, child sexual misuse, child molestation, child sexual maltreatment and child rape. All of which are criminal offences listed under the Criminal Code of Queensland. These crimes pose serious threat to our society. Not only are children amongst the most vulnerable of groups in the community, they are also the next generation of adults. Statistics show that in most cases, convicted paedophiles were found likely to have been victims of sex crimes as children. Therefore more must be done now to break this vicious cycle of immorality.

This afternoon, in light of time constraints I will be focusing on one particular area of law related to child sex crimes that is in need of reform; the treatment of “rehabilitated” or “paroled” child sex criminals in relation to Megan’s law in the US and whether or not such legislation is appropriate for the Australian society. Read more…

How to prepare a good Law essay

September 9th, 2008 No comments

Preparing a law essay can be a challenge to most of the students with a law major. It can be hard, as preparing a law essay requires great law knowledge skills, and writing skills as well. When you write a law essay, you concentrate on the law part and not the essay part. Unfortunately – this is not the optimal way to prepare your excellent law essay. There will be no good from it, as you need to logically express yourself, and make an understandable law essay.

When preparing an excellent law essay – you have to think and seize all the amount of information, which you have to write in your law essay. It is sometimes hard, especially, when the young writer is not familiar with the methods of preparing an excellent law essay.

There is a certain amount of tips on how to prepare an excellent law essay:

1. Never hurry, when writing a law essay. You have to think everything through. And by thinking over I mean careful planning, writing an excellent law essay outline, and defining the structure of your law essay.
2. First drafting – making your first draft is the most important part of preparing your law essay. Your first draft is your first step to writing an excellent law essay. The way how you write your first draft will result your final version, hence your grade for the law essay you are writing.
3. Criticizing your first draft is an essential part of writing a law essay. You have to look from the point of view of your professor, and try to be a sort of devil’s advocate, and think what can arouse questions in your law essay.
4. Writing the second draft, according to your first draft and critics, and maybe, if you are lucky – your second draft will be your final version, which will grant you the best grade in the law class.

By following these instructions – you can make sure your paper will be written and prepared properly. All professors like to see that you work hard on your paper, so if you make them believe that you put a lot of effort in this paper – you will get the best grade guaranteed.

The main guarantee is of course from the text that you write, but if you put a lot of effort in the paper – your text will be profound and spectacular. Just try these simple tips and you won’t regret it.