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The Bloodiest Shooting in the US History The Orlando Case Essay Sample

August 18th, 2016 Comments off

killer-essay

They say it doesn’t matter what the color of your skin is, what religion you have or what country you originally come from. Sexual orientation however remains a difficult issue despite everything. Despite the fact that gays and lesbians are no longer a surprise for the people all over the world, homosexual marriages are legalized in a lot of countries and homosexual families can even adopt a child, some people do act aggressively towards them by not accepting such behavior. The proof of this is the mass shooting that took place in Orlando gay club, USA.

On June 12, 2016 a lot of clubgoers were enjoying the “Latin Flavor” event in a gay nightclub Pulse, Orlando when suddenly numerous gunshots were heard. In the early morning hours 32 year old security guard Omar Mir Seddique Mateen killed 49 people in the nightclub. Apart from the killed and the wounded there were hostages who decided to hide in the bathroom when the massacre started. People who were trapped inside the club texted and called their relatives and friends desperately crying for help.

The killer decided to call 911 and pledged the allegiance to ISIS and also mentioned the Boston Marathon event. Omar Mateen was well organized and well prepared for the shooting, he carried an assault rifle and a pistol into the club. Police crashed inside the club with stun grenades, armored vehicle and killed Mateen.

The attack was denounced by various groups, including the Afghan President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, Vatican, the Council on American-Islamic Relations. American President Barack Obama called the shooting “an act of terror and hate” towards lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender and others.

Parents of Omar Mateen claimed no connection of their son to ISIS and don’t consider him to be a very religious person. Nevertheless, police had to evacuate around 200 people from the Fort Pierce apartment complex he lived in because of the fear to find any possible explosives. In 2013 and 2014 Omar Mateen who was 29 years old at that time was interviewed by the FBI, but was released shortly after as he wasn’t found a threat according to the FBI.

According to his ex-wife Sitora Yusufiy, Mateen acted as a normal husband at the very beginning of their marriage, but started abusing her after a couple of months. That was the reason they decided to have a divorce. Not being diagnosed with any mental disease, Mateen’s ex-wife considers him to be bipolar.

There were other deadly shootings in the USA before, such as shooting in Charleston, SC, 9 casualties; Aurora, CO, 12 casualties; Littleton, CO, 14 casualties; San Bernandino, CO, 14 casualties; Newtown, CT, 26 casualties; mass shooting in Blacksburg, VA, 32 casualties and Orlando, FL with more than 49 casualties and 53 wounded people. But Orlando shooting is considered to be one of the most terrible mass shootings in the US history with the biggest amount of casualties.

Whatever arguments we may have for or against homosexual, bisexual, transgender people it doesn’t give us a right to kill. All men are created equal and have a right to choose.

References:

  1. Ralph Ellis, Ashley FantzFaith Karimiand Eliott C. McLaughlin, CNN. Orlando shooting: 49 killed, shooter pledged ISIS allegiance. June 13, 2016. Web. ‹http://edition.cnn.com/2016/06/12/us/orlando-nightclub-shooting/›.
  2. Gregor Aisch, Larry Buchanan, Joe Burgess, Ford Fessenden. New York Times. What Happened Inside the Orlando Nightclub. June 12, 2016. Web. ‹http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/06/12/us/what-happened-at-the-orlando-nightclub-shooting.html›.
  3. Ian Millhiser. Thinkrogress.org. Congress’ Response To Orlando Shooting Is To Try To Legalize Discrimination. July 11, 2016. Web. ‹http://thinkprogress.org/justice/2016/07/11/3796693/congress-first-lgbt-rights-hearing-since-orlando-bill-legalize-discrimination/
  4. Anne Claire Stapleton and Ralph Ellis. CNN. Timeline of Orlando nightclub shooting. June 12, 2016. Web. ‹http://edition.cnn.com/2016/06/12/us/orlando-shooting-timeline/›.
  5. Lizette Alvarez. The New York Times, US. Orlando Gunman Was ‘Cool and Calm’ After Massacre, Police Say. June 13, 2016. Web. ‹http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/14/us/orlando-shooting.html›.

Microsoft vs European Union Essay Essay Sample

August 18th, 2016 Comments off

microsoft-monopoly-essay

It’s said that eggs and promises are easily broken and it’s always easy to give a promise, rather than keep it.  There is nothing worse than a broken promise, especially when this promise costs $732 million and a lot of troubles. The European Union fined Microsoft Corp for the disrespect of the promise given earlier. Binding commitment and a promise, given by Microsoft in 2009 was not kept and had cost Microsoft Corp $732 million in the way of a fine given by the EU’s antitrust body.

According to the commitment, given by Microsoft in 2009, it offered the users a chance to choose the Web browser they preferred. Microsoft agreed to change Windows for five years and gave the users of newly bought computers in Europe a ballot screen due to which everyone could easily download other browsers from the Internet and turn off Microsoft’s browser, Internet Explorer. At the end of 2011 it has been reported by Microsoft representatives to the EU’s commission that the obligation had been kept, but after the investigation it turned out that it was violated.

According to the Microsoft spokesman the following situation occurred due to some technical errors and a promise to fix and elaborate the problem in future was given by the Microsoft Corp representatives. There were previous disputes between the EU’s antitrust institution and Microsoft Corp before. In 2004 Microsoft was accused of abusing its market position and was fined as it linked Windows Media Player to the Windows software package again leaving no choice to the users.

According to the investigation, Microsoft Corp failed to follow the obligation and as a result, 15 million users didn’t get a chance to select the browser they wanted. For the first time in history the EU and European Union’s antitrust authorities fined a corporation for the neglect to perform the obligations. According to the deal, EU’s antitrust committee can put a fine of up 10% of a company’s global annual sales, but the real fine represented 1% of Microsoft’s annual sales as the corporation cooperated easily with the committee and took no stand. Of course, for the company like Microsoft with $68 billion reserves it’s not a problem to cover such fine. It is estimated that when we compile all the issued fines against Microsoft Corp over the past decades it will be more than 2.2 billion euros.

According to the EU’s representative Joaquin Almunia, this situation will encourage a lot of companies and enterprises to give a great deal of thought before making any promises. What is more, it will serve as a warning to other corporations. Joaquin Almunia called the deal made in 2009, the actions of EU’s representatives and the people who believed this promise to be more than naive. There are other companies apart from Microsoft that are under investigation. Among them is Google for the way it ranks search engine results and another major technology company Samsung Electronics.

To sum up, a deal is a deal and any non-compliance, especially when it comes to such a world-known corporation as Microsoft will cost a fortune with inevitable fine.

References:

  1. European commission. Press release. Antitrust: Commission fines Microsoft for non-compliance with browser choice commitments, 6 March 2013, Brussels. Web. ‹http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-13-196_en.htm›.
  2. Dawn Kawamoto. CNET News.com. EU slaps Microsoft with $1.35 billion fine. 6 March, 2013. Brussels. ‹http://www.cnet.com/news/eu-slaps-microsoft-with-1-35-billion-fine/›.
  3. Foo Yun Chee. EU fines Microsoft $731 million for broken promise, warns others. 6 March, 2013. Brussels. Web. ‹http://www.reuters.com/article/us-eu-microsoft-idUSBRE92500520130307.
  4. Vanessa Mock. EU Fines Microsoft $732 Million. 6 March, 2013. Brussels. Web.‹http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887323628804578343843582306944›.
  5. Joh Letzing. European regulator fines Microsoft $1.35 billion. 27, 2008, San Francisco. Web. ‹http://www.marketwatch.com/story/european-regulator-fines-microsoft-135-billion›.

How to Write a Federal Court Complaint

August 18th, 2016 Comments off

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Every person had encountered a situation where he or she faced an issue by receiving poor service or bad treatment from other people. In order to prevent such cases in future people file letters of complaint to appropriate authorities that later deal with this issue. Some people find it difficult to compile such types of letters and may include a lot of negative emotions in it rather than facts. Below you can find the tips that may help you to make a federal court complaint.

Outline the Case Correctly

In a federal law complaint describe the situation clearly and in an understandable way, also make sure that the issue described in letter is a legitimate one. If you have any problems with compiling a letter, you can ask the help of professionals. Help of paper writing service is legal and may help you to provide concise, yet all the necessary information. It is important to include valid and profound evidence and a timeline of events.

Include Necessary Information

It’s important to indicate all the necessary information in the paper, such as: address, full name, discriminated party’s name, telephone numbers and the quickest way to reach both parties. Address and name of the organization, person or business that made the discrimination is to be included as well. Extra information that can support the complaint is to be indicated as well. It has to be signed to be presented for the hearing. Some federal district courts prefer the document to be filed via electronic way.

Mind Structural Elements

While compiling a federal court complaint it is recommended to structure it properly. Federal complaint consists of various structural elements. The first element is heading or caption, it has a brief description of the complaint, parties involved and a court where the case is to be originated. Filing attorney’s name, address and telephone number are indicated in this section as well.

The second element is venue or jurisdiction, where selected court for the case hearing is indicated along with the explanations as for why exactly this court was chosen.  The third element is parties involved, where defendants and plaintiffs are mentioned.  In the fourth section definitions, terms and notions used in the document are defined and explained.  Statement of facts is the fifth element where the evidence that brought the case to the court is described.

The sixth element “cause of action” or “counts” has a list with the legal allegations with detailed information about the application of the governing law to every court. Existing Law and previous decisions are indicated in this section as well. The seventh element “injury” provides the information on how seriously plaintiff’s rights were harmed by the defendant. Last element is called “demand for relief” which describes the plaintiff’s relief in seeking as a result of the lawsuit. Required compensation and damages are listed here as well.

To sum up, federal complaint is a hard nut to crack and needs studious preparation and knowledge to compile it in the right way. Due to the fact that it’s a legal document, it requires the help of an attorney or writing service, time and legal knowledge.

Business Education vs Law Education

August 18th, 2016 Comments off

education-vs-law

Famous proverb says: “Live and learn” and the more you learn, the better future you will have and the bigger career perspectives are ahead of you. Education plays an important role in everyone’s life and due to today’s sophisticated technologies and advancements in educational sphere there are a lot of interesting courses to take and various careers to choose from. Every person has the possibility to get an education even without leaving the house, the only thing needed is a wish and the Internet connection. You can become a successful lawyer or get an MBA, it’s only the matter of time and money.

There is a constant dilemma: what sphere to choose and what courses to take. To do business, or to do law – that is the question and the question is a challenging one. Person’s skills, desired income and goals in life can help to define whether law or business education is more suitable for this person. For many people it’s not an easy choice to make.

When comparing business education vs law, there are many people who consider business education to be more interesting and useful one rather than the law education.

High Career Prospects

First, business education gives higher career prospects for businessmen and businesswomen and for some of them it can happen very quickly. In the law sphere it’s not that easy to get high career prospects at once and it takes much time to become a well know lawyer and get a top position in this sphere.

Good Income

Second, business education has a stable, fixed income with the ability to earn extra money at the same time. Being a businessman gives a possibility to one day get rich due to a lucrative project, good value or simply luck. Being a lawyer, even a top one, means having your income determined by hours billed and hours spent working. As a result, the more hours you work, the more money you make.

No Further Exams to Take

Third, business education needs no further exams and knowledge tests to pass. Getting an MBA doesn’t require repeat tests or exams unlike for lawyers. Lawyers need to pass Bar Exam or Continuing Legal Education exam that need studious preparation, profound knowledge and a lot of practice. There is a constant need for qualifications if you have a wish to be a lawyer or a barrister and you need to pay for such education every time.  Having got an MBA gives you a green light to practice business and continue your education even in a different sphere.

Unlimited Possibilities

Fourth, business education implies unlimited possibilities and diversity. Business sphere is very wide in terms of careers to choose and spheres to work at. You may have a couple of different business enterprises that are in different countries and it gives you an ability to develop in different ways. Of course, the law is also constantly changing and you need to keep up to date, but as a rule, the work lawyers do is almost repetitive, such as paperwork filling, dealing with the same or similar cases.

There are people who think that you need to be born a businessman and have an inborn talent and liking for this. And whatever business courses you take or whatever business schools and universities you attend, it has to be bred in your bone. Business is not learnt, it has to be in your blood.

To sum up, it’s never too late to study and learn something new and interesting, whatever you find more gainful in battle of business education vs law. The only important thing is to clearly understand what sphere is not only to your liking, but what sphere you are more skilled at.

Essay Sample: Police Killing Black Men

August 18th, 2016 Comments off

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Nowadays, the majority of racial prejudice cases in the USA is quite subtle. Together with that, they tend to reappear in stealthier ways that they did one or two decades ago. The researches have shown that the issue of racial prejudice can be traced in how teachers tend to punish misbehaving students, how employers see their potential hires or how the sales experts make their choices when it comes to assisting clients at high-end stores. As a rule, it happens somewhere on the subconscious level, where race-based evaluations take place.

The latest research on the subject has revealed that almost every individuals tends to carry the so-called racial prejudice, also known as the ‘implicit bias.’ When talking about policemen, the implicit bias appears to be a great concern mainly due to the devastating effects it brings.

There are representatives of the law enforcement area, who realize how tragic the implicit bias effects can be. But the reality is that no one seems to understand it more than the individuals, who actually live in the areas, where racial conflicts are mainly caused by the police. When it comes to the reaction to police killings since the tragedy with Michael Brown in Ferguson it becomes clear that the whole system makes such shootings disproportionately common.

A University of South Florida expert Lorie Fridell exerts every effort to help cops stay away from subconscious biases, especially when it comes to black men. Fridell insists on her viewpoint that policemen have a range of stereotypes and prejudice that together come with outward hostility. In their everyday work, cops have the right to use force depending on their personal perception of what threat is. More often than not, their viewpoints are far from rational. Of course, they do not always use force, but the level of unreasonable injuries remains high.

The experts of the University of Colorado Boulder and California State University Northridge have thoroughly investigated the decade of empirical evidence regarding the police officers and implicit bias. They have found that if some cops tend to automatically consider Afro-Americans more dangerous, they are more likely to make use of deadly force against black men that is not illegal, however, unnecessary.

The researchers found cops seem to possess the so-called implicit bias. The latter is reported to make them more likely to kill black men than people with white skin. But the authorities can change the situation through professional training that will help cops perform better and, as a result, show less implicit bias.

The other investigation found that not only police officers, but the public as well, tend to view individuals with black skin less innocent regardless the situation. According to the study published in 2014 by the specialists of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 176 individuals were tested. The group of people included mostly white, male cops.  Each of them was tested to find out whether they had the so-called unconscious dehumanization bias against Afro-Americans. The results of the research should make us stop for a while and think about our attitude toward the world around. More often than not, black people were dehumanized and considered to commit the worst kind of crimes.

References:

  • Ronald Chisom & Michael Washington, Undoing Racism: A Philosophy of International Social Change. New Orleans, People’s Institute Press, 2nd ed., 1997.
  • John Henrik Clarke, “White Nationalism,” (a tape aired on KPFA during African Mental Liberation Weekend, early 1990’s.
  • Audrey Smedley, Race in North America: Origin and Evolution of a Worldview. Boulder: Westview Press, 1993.
  • Rodolfo Acuña, Occupied America: A History of Chicanos. NY: Harper Collins, 1988. Third Edition.
  • Karin Aguilar—San Juan, Editor. The State of Asian America: Activism and Resistance in the 1990’s. Boston: South End Press, 1994.
  • Marimba Ani, Yurugu: An African—Centered Critique of European Cultural Thought and Behavior. New Jersey: African World Press, 1994.
  • Winthrop D. Jordan, White over Black: American Attitudes toward the Negro, 1550 — 1812. New York: Norton & Company, 1965.

Essay Sample: What Is International Extradition?

August 18th, 2016 Comments off

international-law-essay

When it comes to extradition, the term means legal process by which an individual gets transferred from one place to the another without his or her consent. To cut it, that’s how authorities do their best to make sure people won’t evade justice. When someone does something illegal in a state and then sets off to the other one, he or she can be sent back to the state, where the crime was committed to face the justice. However, in case there’s no solid provision for extradition, individuals can escape from law through changing their current location.

Now let’s take a look at what international extradition is. The term means the formal process by means of which an individual found in one country gets surrendered to the other to face the punishment or just the trial. This is regulated and conducted between two governments – the one of the USA and the other of a foreign state.

When a criminal of nation A makes an effort to escape from justice by moving to country B, country A can make a special request to the nation B. The extradition treaties are then signed and, as a result, the criminals are being transferred to the requesting country. But it is necessary to point out that this criminal transfer can be performed only by keeping in mind that all sovereign policies of the other countries should be respected. What is more, a country cannot surrender an individual to the other nation in case it goes against the constitution of the nation. In case there are no valid treaties provided between the countries, international law gives the right to suspend transfer of the fugitive to the foreign land. When demanding the fugitive surrender, the country must provide a properly written request that should be then sent by means of diplomatic channels to the appropriate justice ministry.

An interesting fact about international extradition is that a lot of countries all over the globe won’t extradite their own citizens to face the punishment or trial since that’s prohibited by their constitutions. For instance, Russian Federation argued that its constitution banned it from extraditing well-known Andrei Lugovoi, who tried to kill dissident Alexander Litvinenko in London in 2006.

As for Germany, this country also has a solid constitutional law. In case the court considers the request not proportionate, the representatives of the Constitutional Court have the right to block the extradition. The other example is about the Netherlands. Nation also tends to send a request that a person accused of crimes committed in the other country is sentenced only in the Netherlands. France in turn, provided refuge to famous Roman Polanski, wanted by the United States after fleeing before the he could be sentenced for having sex with a 13-years old girl, due to his French citizenship.

Taking into accordance the recent challenges that are now being faced by the global community, it is more desirable that each of the international crime perpetrators be brought to justice only in the courts that are efficient enough to try them. But the reality is that international law makers do not seem to adequately cooperate to ensure such trials are held.

References:

  • Cadle v. Cauthron, 266 Ark. 419 (Ark. 1979).
  • Pajkanovic v. United States, 353 Fed. 183 (11th Cir. Fla. 2009).
  • Markham v. Pitchess, 605 F.2d 436 (9th Cir. Cal. 1979).
  • Nanda & David K. Pansius, Litigation of International Disputes in U.S. Courts § 10:21 (2d ed. 2013) (detailed discussion of the implications of the Convention Against Torture for extradition law).
  • Cryer et al, Introduction to International Criminal law and Procedure: Principles, Institutions (2007) Cambridge University Press.
  • Joseph et al, The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Cases, Materials, and Commentary (2005) 2nd Ed. Oxford University Press.
  • Nicholls et al: The Law of Extradition and Mutual Assistance (2007) 2nd Ed. Oxford University Press.

How to Write a Court Report

August 18th, 2016 Comments off

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In order to produce a concise and compelling court report, your number one task is to guide your target audience to what is really important. In other words, it’s the words and the way you tend to use them that determine how successful your communications will turn out. Further we will take a close look at the constituent parts of the knowledge of how to write a court report.

Court Report Purpose

The core purpose that stands behind the application and disposition of the court report lies in demonstrating the reasons why the application grounds should be 100% proved, as well as why the recommendation of the department should definitely be adopted. Next step includes you having a duty to the court, where you have to provide all details required for it to make its decision.

Your Target Audience

When working on the court report, it is required to know your target audience well. In this case, your audience is the court, which means your project must be produced with these aspects in mind. At the same time, the family also turns to be the recipients of the report. In other words, your language should be easy-to-understand to both children and parents. To complete this mission, make sure to go through your court report with parents or children before the court.

Departmental Obligation

When the matter concerns the court system, the department is usually provided with the right to provide the court with all related information needed to make a fully informed decision. For that reason, your court report must comprise all related facts that the department representatives have considered in reaching its decision. Make sure to give all necessary information that is crucial to reach the decision that will be fair and based on solid evidence. To cut it, the court report is the type of a project that will comprise information that both supports and challenges the department’s recommendation. This in turn means it’s a matter of how much weight the representatives of the department have actually placed on different facts. For instance, in a situation, where the kid has disclosed abuse, as well as retracted the statement, the department must provide the court with the information about both the disclosure and the retraction. Besides, the department is obliged to provide explanations on why one statement has been considered, while the other has been given less weight.

Information Sourcing

Where the court report author does not participate in the process of the assessment, he or she is obliged to source the content of the report in a proper manner. For instance, in cases, where you are required to generate a report for the court on a particular case that has been already managed by some other individual, it is required to note directly at the beginning of the project: “The court report content is based entirely on my personal reading of the files provided by the department.” As an alternative, feel free to put the following claim froward: “I have been given a permission to read the department files on the case to gain the following information.”

When faced with a contradictory ideas on how to write a court report, remember that presenting your information in plain English is a must. Keep repetition to a minimum. This will provide you with an opportunity to present facts in the most accessible manner possible that is a 100% success guarantee.

College Scorecard: New Ratings Framework by Obama

August 18th, 2016 Comments off

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The US News and World Report’s annual college rankings were launched in 1983, and ever since then they have been used in order to compare various institutions on the basis of quantifiable metrics, especially alumni donation and acceptance rates. In 2013, the US leader Barack Obama argued that the rankings mentioned above were actually incentivizing colleges to simply game the numbers as well as raise the costs. This in turn encouraged schools to invest more funds into the range of activities like alumni outreach. The latter led the whole system to the tuition raise. However, according to the American presidents, local colleges motivated by these systems, kept largely neglecting one crucial issue that is student outcomes. With that in mind, Obama pledged to completely transform the way the US colleges are ranked through shifting the main focus from what it called the institution prestige to an actual successful academic experience.

Introducing the New System

Earlier the US leader unveiled his famous ‘College Scorecard’ as an integral part of the pledge. Nonetheless, the new tool that has been offered is not an actual ranking system. As an alternative, it provides users with an access to various federal data on both the attendance-cost data, as well as student-debt data for over 7 000 higher educational establishment all over the United States. This in turn provides them with an opportunity to compare different institutions; students have a cool chance to make use of the so-called Scorecard given to both list and sort out school depending on the size, recent graduation rates, as well as approximate wages after attending. The up-to-date system created on the basis of more than two years of federal data does not translate the numbers mentioned before into proper ratings.

Remembering What’s Important

This month Barack Obama stated that every individual should be provided with an opportunity to find trustworthy, clear and open data regarding college value and affordability like whether they’re in need of finding  a good job, deal with their loans and so on. According to his words, the interface of the tool was created in close collaboration with college students, their parents and professors.

Excelling at Different Specialization

Colleges tend to fare in a different way on the Scorecard depending on a particular metric. The educational establishments such as Kentucky’s Berea College or State University of NY Downstate Medical Center usually top lists when taking into consideration the post-graduation earnings of the students and average annual cost. At the same time, Princeton and Harvard tend to perform great when being sorted out by the graduation rate. In addition to that, the tool also offers highly comprehensive profiles for every educational establishment, specifying the percentage of its students, who pay down debt, and detailing the total typical debt per student.

The launch of the College Scorecard will ultimately help add more dimension to the true value of the education system provided by the colleges and universities. Its usage enables you to get a more holistic picture of what various US universities and colleges have to offer and thus, gives you an opportunity to make the right decision within the educational sector.

Panama Archives Offshore Leak Essay Sample

June 29th, 2016 Comments off

Panama Offshore Leak Essay Sample

It’s on the 3rd of April, 2016 when astounding and shocking news had suddenly shaken the world. A firm, based in Panama, known as “Mossack Fonsec” had the biggest information leak ever dated in history. The Panamanian law firm, famous for selling offshore shell companies, practicing corruption and shady business got exposed  to the entire world. Having the offices all over the globe, selling shell companies took place mostly in Zurich, London, and Hong Kong, providing “absolute confidentiality” to both a client and customer.

But despite the years of existence and successful clandestine business schemes the disaster was inevitable. Among the records there was classified information on mafia group leaders, criminals, tycoons, billionaires, entertainers, athletes, drug barons, socialites and others. More than 200 politicians were also mentioned on  Panama Papers leak list, proving the fact that the firm assisted the officials in tax evasion, sanctions machinations and money laundry procedures.

More than 11.5 million papers and information on more than 12 current and former leaders, including Saudi Arabia’s King Salman, pro-Western President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko, Russian President Vladimir Putin and other Russian officials, Pakistan and Iceland leaders prove the large scale of the leak. Taking into consideration all the names on the list, one thing is certain, such business is not legal and what is more, the revealed names of the people on the list will have to bear responsibility as set forth by laws.

The entity responsible for the information leak asked to remain anonymous and the information disclosure was published by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) in a German newspaper, called “Süddeutsche Zeitung, it was also issued in BBC newspaper a year later. More than 2.6 terabytes of data information, dated from 1977 to 2015 shows that Panamanian firm worked with more than 14,000 bank facilities, law firms, company entrepreneurs and other businessmen to set up clandestine companies, infrastructures and trusts for potential customers.

“Panama documents” or “Panama archives” are the records that were found during the investigation on the offshore business conducted by people with ties to the President of Russian Federation Vladimir Putin. Sergei Roldugin, a close friend of Vladimir Putin is in the center of the leak scoop. According to the records, hundreds millions dollars were sent from Cyprus “daughter” VTB bank to RCB Bank. There were also numerous money transactions connected to “Gazprom” and “Rosneft” shares. More than 2 billion dollars were sent through shell banks belonging to Putin’s associates. Still, there are a lot of companies, the true owners of which remain unknown and not found.

To sum up, Panama leak amounts to more documents than the combined total of Lux Leaks, Wikileaks Cablegate, Swiss Leaks and Offshore Leaks due to the great number of various e-mails, photo files, pdf files and its scale.

References:

  1. Rash, W. (2016). Panama Papers Breach Reveals Astonishingly Lax Network Security. [online] Eweek.com. Available at: http://www.eweek.com/security/panama-papers-breach-reveals-astonishingly-lax-network-security.html [Accessed 23 May 2016].
  2. ICIJ, (2016). The Panama Papers: An Introduction. [online] ICIJ. Available at: http://panamapapers.icij.org/video [Accessed 21 May 2016].
  3. ICIJ 2, (2016). Stairway to Tax Heaven. [online] Panamapapers.icij.org. Available at: https://panamapapers.icij.org/stairway_tax_heaven_game/ [Accessed 21 May 2016].
  4. Ronderos, M. and Lipstas, A. (2016). The Investigative Journalism Collaboration That Produced the Panama Papers. [online] Open Society Foundations. Available at: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/investigative-journalism-collaboration-produced-panama-papers [Accessed 21 May 2016].
  5. Sambrook, R. (2016). Panama Papers: the nuts and bolts of a massive international investigation. [online] Newstatesman.com. Available at: http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/media/2016/04/panama-papers-nuts-and-bolts-massive-international-investigation [Accessed 21 May 2016].
  6. Yong, W. (2016). Perspective: Panama Papers and ‘responsible’ journalism. [online] Aljazeera.com. Available at: http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/listeningpost/2016/04/perspective-panama-papers-responsible-journalism-160413130112792.html [Accessed 21 May 2016].
  7. Krieger, M. and Dad, T. (2016). Are Corporate Gatekeepers Protecting Western Elites from the Leaked Panama Papers?. [online] Liberty Blitzkrieg. Available at: https://libertyblitzkrieg.com/2016/04/04/are-corporate-gatekeepers-protecting-western-elites-from-the-leaked-panama-papers/ [Accessed 25 Apr. 2016].

Writing a Will That Is Legally Sound

June 29th, 2016 Comments off

 Legally Sound

It’s better sooner than later but better later than never. A will is a document that comes into action after you pass away. It may sound sad, but yes, we will all die sometime. And there is nothing more unpleasant than dying and leaving your beloved ones without your final word and testament. The will can be written by you (will maker), your lawyer or by a will writing service.

Compiling a testament proves not only your understanding and readiness to die, but also your preparation and studious planning for it. Below you can find a guidance on how to write a will before leaving this world.

Put Down Executors

Carefully choose the people you trust your financial course of events. Unpaid debts, mortgages and other financial issues are to be taken care of by them. It has to be a trusted and reliable friend or a relative or any close person of yours. Executors will also make sure that whatever was written in your will is carried out.

Make It Legal

Make sure that the will is dated and signed. After completing it double-check that it is signed by you and by two witnesses. If you want to make it more legal and binding you can have it signed by a notary. Good news is that it’s not obligatory, it’s optional.

Store It Right

Writing a will is one thing, but it’s very important to have it kept and stored in a safe place afterwards. Putting it in a hidden place that nobody knows or simply throwing it in your shoe box is not a good idea. Make sure that your trusted person will be able to find it along with important documents, passwords and valuables. The best idea is to put it in your safe.

Pick Guardians

The most difficult part is to choose the people responsible for your children when you decease – guardians for your kids and their property. Be very careful with putting down the names in your will. Spelling is very important and any mistake may be fatal.

Will Is Never Enough

There’s always a place for emotions, humour and sentiments in our life. If you also have some sentimental speech to say you can attach a letter with it to the will. Some letters may be addressed to the guardians, witnesses, kids, spouse or even your enemies. They will show your hopes, express your desires and simply show your gratitude and express love.

Even knowing how to write a will, it’s not an easy thing to do, but as soon as you start doing it, it will help you understand who you trust, value and rely on in life.