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8 FB Pages for Law Students to Get Useful Info Every Day

January 10th, 2018 Comments off

Let’s be honest: you spend on Facebook more time than you should, especially if you’re a law student who must spend it on learning instead. But the situation can surely be changed – you can turn hours of surfing the FB feed into an insightful and useful for studies experience. How? Subscribe to specialized pages in your social network account and enjoy yourself while combining pleasure and use. Here we’ve prepared 8 Facebook pages that you should like to be always on the know about the latest news and changes in the law world!

1.  Law Society Gazette

If you’re hunting for the latest news helpful for barristers, solicitors, associates or any other kinds of legal professions, follow this page. It posts useful bits of information several times a day, so you won’t feel shortage of the new data.

2.  ABA for Law Students

This is a perfect resource for those who look for complex subjects explained, some internship opportunities or updates from the legal world every law student should know. Like the page and find out how to boost your legal career.

3.  Bloomberg Law for Law Students

This resource will provide you with the filtrated news that is tightly connected with law students. Which college is better to enroll in? Which legal specializations are a hype right now? How much money should you save for your studies?

4.  Building a Better Legal Profession

If you are a fresh graduate or close to becoming one, you need to think about your career. And BBLP is a great helper in this matter. It delivers rankings of law firms based on pro bono cases, gender, layoffs, and racial diversity. With this information, you can make the right choice.

5.  Legal Talk Network

This page is a top-notch provider of podcasts hosted by leading attorneys and law representatives. Listen to the prime experts and influencers to keep the tabs on the most widespread legal opinions and assumptions.

6.  The National Law Review

The National Law Review is a business that helps different entrepreneurs or law workers analyze legal issues and provides them with authentic research they may need. In Facebook, the National Law review posts open access materials from their online edition for people who conduct secondary research.

7.  Law School Memes

And what kind of student life can be without fun? This hilarious page has plenty of memes to share with your college fellows – the only people who will understand true law jokes ?

8.  Suits

For a special treat, we’ve prepared the fan page of the TV show that you have 100% watched (and maybe not once). There, you can spot Harvey Specter’s famous phrases, best moments in different episodes or just interesting tidbits of info in order to enjoy your profession choice to the maximum.

We bet, you’ve had no idea you can use a social network like that. Follow all these Facebook pages starting from now and be a truly efficient law student!

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Sample Essay on the Great Britain’s Recipe for Success

December 27th, 2017 Comments off

kingdom great britainThis article is important because it takes into consideration the historical events that have shaped Britain into the country that it is today. The information is taken from a handful of sources to help provide an overview and understanding of the country.

Britain is a powerful country and is viewed as among the best places in the world to live. The country is a home to people of all backgrounds, races, and faiths. However, the country was not always as great as it is today. New ideas about individual rights in the 13th century, as well as 19th-century access to education and strong economic power, contributed to help shape the country into what it is today. Modern-day Britain welcomes citizens from across the globe, treats them with fairness, and grants opportunity to all.

England has a long history of providing its citizens with individual rights that date back hundreds of years. In 1215, King John awarded many rights to its citizens by signing the Great Charter and Magna Carta. These documents granted England’s citizens a sleuth of important rights. First, it allowed individuals to own land without fear that it can be seized without justification. It also allowed merchants and traders to move freely throughout England to conduct their business. Most importantly, the Magna Carta provided a foundation for the legal system that we know today. It meant that people could not be detained unless properly accused of a crime; it gave them a right to a trial; and, it gave them the right to a fair punishment if convicted.

Several hundred years later, in the 19th century, many of the citizens of Britain found they suddenly had access to a quality education. Private and public schools around the country became regulated and subject to new rules by the second half of the century. By 1869, the government closely followed the quality and content of the education received at many schools throughout the country. Around the same time, a number of headmasters would meet regularly to discuss new policies and practices for the schools. Since that time, the government has helped regulate and finance schools across the country for the benefit of all students.

Around the same time in the 19th century, Britain emerged as one of the great economic and industrial powers of the world. By 1840, the English had a system of free trade, with very few exceptions. Around the same time, Britain invented the modern railroad system, which would spread to the entire world. This new mode of transportation, along with the new rules on free trade, and the longstanding ability to move throughout England to sell goods, allowed for a new merchant class to find success. The introduction of railways benefited the country in many ways. Suddenly, goods and supplies moved across the country at a fraction of the previous cost.

By the 20th century, Britain’s citizens enjoyed a renewed time of economic prosperity, a new access to education, and long-standing individual rights. These three factors helped shape the country into what it is today. Much of the world considers Britain to be among the best places to live. The country’s citizens have some of the fairest rights, education, and strongest economic power in the world.


  1. Arnett, G. (2013, November 5). What makes the UK a good place to live and work? Retrieved November 14, 2017, from
  2. Heath, A. (2016, August 26). Why Britain became the first rich nation. Retrieved November 15, 2017, from
  3. International Monetary Fund Research Dept. (1997). World Economic Outlook, May 1997: Globalization: Opportunities and Challenges. International Monetary Fund. 113.
  4. Morgan, K. (2011, February 17). Symbiosis: Trade and the British Empire. Retrieved November 14, 2017, from
  5. Orend, B. (2002). Human rights: concept and context. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press. 5.
  6. Shrosbree, C. (2010). Public schools and private education: the Clarendon Commission 1861-64 and the Public Schools Acts. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 6-9.
  7. Simmons, J. (2003). The Oxford companion to British railway history from 1603 to the 1990s. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press. 15.
  8. Walford, G. (1986). Life in public schools. Methuen. 8-9.
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Sample Essay on Catalonia’s Independence: What Do They Really Strive For?

December 21st, 2017 Comments off

catalonia’s independenceThis article is important because it describes a complex, current event that affects many people. Although most of those involved have strong feelings one way or another in regards to Catalonia’s independence, it is important to understand the issues and facts affecting the crisis in the region.

The eyes of the world have been focused on Catalonia and Spain since Catalonia voted to achieve independence. Spanish officials have said that they will not support their independence. The reasons why so many desire the secession are complex and multifaceted. Catalonia’s multi-century struggle for independence, a growing nationalist movement within Catalonia, and its status as a driving force in Spain’s economy all led to the historic vote to separate from Spain. Although it is uncertain as to whether or not Catalonia will ever achieve the independence that so many of its citizens desire, the region will continue to be in crisis until a decision is reached.

Catalonia has struggled to gain independence from Spain for centuries. The fight for independence dates back to 1714. During that year, Philip V captured Barcelona. Since that time, separationists have sought independence from Spain. The movement for independence failed to gain traction for centuries. However, in 1932, Spanish officials granted Catalonia a degree of autonomy. Unfortunately for those who supported that decision, that progress was undone when General Francisco Franco came to power in 1939. Franco did his best to suppress secessionists, even killing many of them. Still, despite his efforts, pockets of resistance continued to persist. Their movement continued to gain momentum.

As the push for independence slowly gathered supporters, the region experienced a sharp rise in nationalism. That campaign continued to gain support despite the efforts of Spanish officials in the 1930s. Throughout the 20th century, support continued to grow, rising abruptly after 2000. In 2006, less than 16 percent of Catalans favored independence. By 2012, that number rose to nearly 45 percent. By the time the vote was taken this year, 90 percent of those polled voted for independence from Spain. Many Catalans do not see themselves as citizens of Spain, but instead identify solely as belonging to Catalonia. They feel that they exist independently of Spain.

It is no surprise that so many Catalans feel little allegiance to Spain. For hundreds of years, Catalonia has been a critical part of Spain’s economy. It’s been such a driving force, that many Catalans feel that it contributes more to Spain than it receives in return. In fact, Catalonia’s economy accounts for nearly 20 percent of Spain’s GDP. They have long been an industrial power. In addition to exporting a variety of goods, Catalonia has established itself as a hub for financial and technology companies. Many Catalans feel that their powerful presence as a world power separates them from the rest of Spain.

Catalonia’s struggle for independence dates back more than 300 years. The drive towards secession culminated this year when 90 percent of voters chose to break away from Spain. The long road to independence, a rise in Catalonian nationalism, and its economic power have all driven the majority of Catalans to seek independence. Although officials in Spain have deemed the vote illegal and repeatedly tried to stop the secession, time will tell if Catalonia is ever able to truly achieve independence.


  1. Badcock, H. A. (2017, October 05). Why does Catalonia want independence from Spain? Retrieved November 15, 2017, from
  2. Erickson, A. (2017, October 27). Analysis | Catalonia’s independence vote: What you need to know. Retrieved November 15, 2017, from
  3. Gillespie, R. (2015). Contesting Spain? the dynamics of nationalist movements in Catalonia and the Basque Country. London: Routledge, 89.
  4. Harris, S. (2014). Catalonia is not Spain: a historical perspective. 4Cats Books, ii.
  5. Jones, S. (2017, September 21). Why do some Catalans want independence and what is Spain’s view? Retrieved November 14, 2017, from
  6. Jones, S. (2017, October 2). After the Catalan referendum: what happens next? Retrieved November 14, 2017, from
  7. Minder, R. (2017). Struggle for Catalonia: rebel politics in Spain. London: Hurst & Company, 20.
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4 Types of Government Administrators Who Rule the Leading Countries

December 16th, 2017 Comments off

leading countriesThe world that we live in depends on its leaders. They make crucial decisions for the people whom they govern. Although most bodies of people do have leaders, there is a range of differences in their responsibilities and power. The means by which leaders come into power vary greatly. Regardless of their title, the citizens whom the rulers preside over must trust their leaders to make good decisions.

1. Presidents

The president is the leader or head of a state in a republic. In most cases, the president is decided based on a vote by the people of the country. The president has a great deal of power over the people and is responsible for making political and policy decisions. In many countries, systems are in place to prevent the president from abusing his or her power. The system ensures that the president acts in the best interest of the people.

2. Kings and Queens

A system of government that has a king and queen is known as a monarchy. Historically, kings were undisputed decision makers and had unprecedented power to make policy changes. Generally, the citizens of a country had no power to decide who was made king and queen. Often, the title was handed between generations of family members when the preceding ruler died or was no longer able to perform his or her duties. Today, the position ranges in power from merely symbolic to having the absolute control over a country.

3. Dictators

A political leader who holds absolute power over a country is known as a dictator. Dictators are often characterized by their brutal style of government. Unlike other systems, a dictator has the ability to make unquestioned decisions regarding policy, politics, and military. Although they may take advice from those who work beneath them, dictators ultimately make the final decisions. During the last century, the word “dictator” has acquired a negative connotation that often evokes images of brutality and injustice.

4. The Pope

The pope is the highest religious figure in the Catholic church. In history, some popes have had the ability to make political changes in countries around the world. However, in recent centuries, the pope’s political power has dwindled. Although technically the pope is the only head of state within Vatican City, his words and influence spread throughout the world. The pope maintains the highest spiritual authority of any leader in the world. Unlike other leaders, who are elected by citizens or inherit their titles, the pope is chosen by polling cardinals, who are in lesser positions of power in the Catholic church.

In the world we live in, we count on our leaders to make important decisions for our politics and lives. There are many different kinds of leaders in the world, all of whom have different levels of authority and separate means by which they receive power. All leaders have a responsibility to care about the lives of the people they preside over. For better or worse, we live in a world where great power lies in the hands of very few.

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5 Catchy Ideas for Your College Papers on Fields of Human Rights

December 12th, 2017 Comments off

collegeAs a worker or job-seeker in the United States, you are entitled to certain rights that protect you from unfair practices. Although these laws are in place, not every employer follows them. Some employers who lack integrity will try to take advantage of your ignorance of the law. The more knowledgeable you are about your rights as a worker, the better prepared you will be in the event an employer tries to take advantage of you.

1. Minimum Wage

You have the right to receive a minimum wage that is decided by the state where you work. Although the exact wage varies from the state to state, a federal minimum wage exists. State minimum wage policies must meet or exceed the federal minimum wage. Some positions, especially those where employees regularly receive tips, may legally pay you less than minimum wage. Additionally, some positions, commonly referred to as “independent contractor” positions, are not subjected to minimum wage regulations.

2. Workplace Safety

You have the right to perform your job in a place that is safe. Certain machinery and other devices that may present a danger to you must be clearly labeled as such. Employers are required to make workplaces as safe as possible for employees and may not create an environment that poses an immediate danger. Your employer is obligated to provide you with information about any dangerous chemicals that you may use at work.

3. Discrimination

Your constitutional rights protect you from being discriminated against in the workplace for your gender, race, religion, or nationality. In other words, employers may not make any decision about an employee based on these characteristics. Employers must also provide accommodations to people with disabilities in the workplace. You cannot be hired, fired, or passed up for any of these reasons.

4. Wrongful Termination

In most states, you cannot be terminated from employment without cause. This means that your employer must have a justified reason to fire you. More specifically, your employer cannot fire you on the basis of discrimination, in retaliation for refusing to do something illegal.

5. Probationary Periods

Some employers have a probationary period, where a new employee is closely monitored. By instituting such a policy, employers have the ability to better judge how employees will actually perform at work. Probationary periods range between businesses; many businesses do not have probationary periods. Some probationary periods may last multiple years. During the probationary period, employers may legally pay you less money and may fire you more easily.

As you can see, the rights of every worker are complex. It is important that you understand your rights so that your employer cannot take advantage of you. This is not an exhaustive list of your rights as a worker, but it covers many of the most important ones. The more you know about your rights at work, the better equipped you will be to address a violation of those rights. These rights are meant to protect every worker and should be known to everyone.

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Sample Essay on Addictive Substances: Is the Permission a Good Idea Towards College Young Adults?

November 27th, 2017 Comments off

good idea The issue of drugs is one of the most widely spread and most frequently disputed social and health problems throughout the world. It is understood that there are different kinds of drugs. Some of them were created to help combat different types of health deviations. However, there is the dark side of this matter. Many manufacturers produce illegal drugs, which sufficiently damage human health. Moreover, there are many officially registered cases of death induced by drugs.

Nowadays, more and more countries implement the policy of drug legalization, which is utterly important for the society. Such drugs like marijuana are legal in many countries all over the globe, and the United States of America should be included in this list. However, marijuana is a light substance with soft side effects. Still, there exist other substances like cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, and many others.

There are many people who think that all drugs should become legal. This would sufficiently reduce the expenses of the country because there would be no need for fighting with illegal production and selling such substances. In addition, the country will receive additional taxes. On the other hand, there is the public opinion, which is against such novelties.

Let us not forget about the great variety of adverse reactions. Some of them are severe and lead to chronic ailments or even lethal cases. This issue involves students too. This is no novelty that hundreds and thousands of students throughout a country actively consume different sorts of illegal drugs, which have negative consequences. Many countries legalize harmful substances, and you may see people taking them right in the street.

The most severe consequences can be the development of chronic diseases, addiction, severe mental complications, cardiovascular ailments and disorders, severe kidney and liver disorders, problems with potency and fertility, and even lethal cases.

There are some other preparations, which are supposed to be helpful exactly for students. They have positive effects on their learning skills. They can improve thinking, concentration, attention, memory, and some other cognitive functions, which are important for the process of learning. There are many preparations that were initiated to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Students take such drugs to get focused as well as gather strength and energy. They really claim that their academic progress has improved. Nevertheless, they give a little heed to consequences.

Such preparations have psychoactive properties and make people addictive. Undoubtedly, they lead to various mental deviations. Students suffer from sleep loss, abnormal and frequent weakness, depression, increased irritability and aggressiveness, and so on. The list is actually long, and it horrifies.

Obviously, legalization of drugs on the campus, as well as in other places, will be a huge mistake. The very first thing each state should take care of is the general well-being of its citizens. Their health should be protected. Legalization of harmful substances will do nothing but severe damage.


  1. Palash, Ghosh (2010). The pros and cons of drug legalization in the U.S.
  2. Douglas Husak and Peter de Marneffe (2005). The Legalization of Drugs: For & Against.
  3. Jeffrey, Miron (2014). Why all drugs should be legal. (Yes, even heroin.)
  4. Carolina, Moreno (2012). Drug Legalization: Pros And Cons As To Its Viability As A Means To End The Drug War.
  5. David, Boaz (1999). Drug Legalization, Criminalization, and Harm Reduction.
  6. Antoine, Canet (2017). Drug Legalization & Prohibition pros and cons.
  7. George, Will (2012). Weighing the pros and cons of drug legalization.
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Sample Essay on Off-the-Books Job: Can Law Support Those Who Work Off-the-Record

November 17th, 2017 Comments off

books jobEach person requires a certain job to earn money. This is an actual necessity though this is not an obligation. Some people remain unemployed and don’t have any costs for life. Those who get education commonly find a job. However, we should talk about two kinds of jobs – official and unofficial. There are many employees who prefer or are forced to choose an off-the-books job. This kind of job has its pros and cons, and it is really vital to discuss them.

The official job has one huge benefit – you are protected by the state. You will receive all kinds of insurances, official salary, all possible bonuses, guaranteed vacation, and years of professional experience, which will be added to your pension when you retire. Of course, there are some disadvantages as well. You are forced to pay taxes, and you will have a fixed salary, which may not be high enough to satisfy your needs.

It is quite different for unreported employees. Their salary may be much higher. Why do employers pay more for the unofficial workers? The reason is the payment of taxes. They don’t have to pay for such workers and may afford to pay higher salaries. Additionally, your working hours are flexible, and you may choose when to work and which amount of work to execute. A good example of such an opportunity is the job of a freelancer. Nevertheless, one should consider some drawbacks too.

No official experience is one of them. As you aren’t officially employment, there will be no information about your working experience, which is a huge drawback in regard to the Pension Fund. Also, don’t forget about absences of social and medical security. Unreported employees will not have any insurance, such like social and medical ones. This is a big problem too. No compensation – one more thing to be thought about.  In the case of any accident or financial problem of the company where you work, you will not get any compensation. Irregular payments and work is also a popular inconvenience. You may be cheated by your employer. In this case, you will not be able to prove that you have been working for a particular period of time to be paid accordingly because you do not have any legal documents. Thus, you may work for weeks on without salary. Some people haven’t even heard of potential penalties from Internal Revenue Service (IRS). If the IRS finds that you are an off-the-book worker, the fault will be all yours. And the last but not the least important – no guarantees for the future. One day you may come to your working site and find out that you are fired without any money, compensations, and insurance.

This list clearly illustrates all possible negative consequences of the off-the-record job. You still may have some guarantees. You may ask your employer to sign an official document that you will receive at least the fixed income. Nevertheless, you will be deprived of many other essential conditions.

It is up to you whether to risk unofficial job or not. However, it is always better to be officially registered. Under such condition, you will be protected by the state and will avoid multiple troubles.


  1. David Lawrence Ganz (2008). Working “Off the Books”: What to Avoid.—a-guide-of-what-to-avoid
  2. Brian, Mittman (2011). Workers’ Compensation For Workers Paid Off The Books.
  3. Tom, Breedlove (2015). Being Paid “On the Books” Pays Off.
  4. The New York Times (2008). Immigration, Off the Books.
  5. Daniel, Levy (2017). I Was Hurt on the Job but Was Working “OFF THE BOOKS” Can I Get Workers’ Compensation?
  6. Le, Trinh (2015). How Much Trouble Are Under the Table Employees?
  7. (2017). The Employer’s Liability for Unreported Tips.
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9 Cunning Reasons That Make Some Students Commit a Crime

November 10th, 2017 Comments off

students commit crimes Being young is a very exciting time period in our life. You are so overly energetic, inspired, brave, funny, and full of beliefs that you are able to do anything you wish. This is an important period when we become adults, acquire experience, and begin to understand the main rules and tendencies. Unfortunately, this is the period of multiple misfortunes, disappointments, and mistakes.

One of the greatest mistakes that could be possibly done by any student is to commit a crime. This will become a big black spot in your biography, which may follow you until the rest of your days. That is why it is utterly important to avoid any sort of crime. There are many ways to do that. It is also significant to figure out the reasons that push students to violate the law.

Here are some common factors that lead to law violations:

  1. The increase of the income. Most students don’t have huge budgets. Thus, they are forced to save money and spend it on different things that are associated with their learning. However, they wish to get some finer things or various kinds of entertainment. Consequently, they undergo robberies, selling illegal products or something of the kind to enrich their pockets.
  2. The showing-off. Some students may commit a crime to show how cool and harsh they are. This is a very bright example of how our occupation may affect us. At times, youngsters commit crimes for the pure fun.
  3. Peer group pressure. Our environment is one of the determining factors of our behavior. In most cases, an individual gets under a strong influence of his/her peers and will do different things just to remain in the company. There is a high proportion of young people who are unsupervised by parents and state. Oftentimes, they become criminals.
  4. Parental criminality. Another reason derives from a criminal parent or both of them. Children commonly imitate the behavior of their parents.
  5. Family issues. Serious family conflicts, poor parental discipline, and supervision are other contributors to inappropriate behavior and growing up of children.
  6. Low family income. Multiple studies prove that children from families with low income are predisposed to become criminals.
  7. Social isolation. One should consider the alienation from society. Lonely people feel abandoned and don’t wish to follow any rules and restrictions.
  8. Drug or alcohol misuse. The use of forbidden and harmful substances is the enemy of any society and makes young people undertake criminal actions.
  9. Mental diseases. Some students suffer from different psychological ailments, which negatively affect their behavior.

Mind that this is not the full list. It describes only some common reasons. Nevertheless, there are much more of them.

At any rate, you should remember that your youth will not last forever. Therefore, spend it with pleasure and reason. Do not waste this marvelous time on fatal errors.

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The Great Choice: 8 Branches of Law You Are to Choose among Before Entering a College

November 2nd, 2017 Comments off

great choiceBefore you enter a college, you should make allowances for different aspects. It is necessary to choose the one, which can meet all your demands and expectations. However, the main thing each student should think about is the choice of the discipline. If you are going to enter the law college and receive the desired degree, you ought to be totally sure that it will suit you.

Mind that there are various law branches, and you should know each to make the correct choice. Here is the pickup of 8 perspective law directions. Have a look at some brief information about each and try to find the one that is suitable.

  • Admiralty law. If you are good at economics, you should choose this direction. It deals with economic transactions and all property disputes which are maritime by their nature. Mark that this is not a synonym to the Law of the Sea.
  • S. Bankruptcy law. This branch deals with the insolvency issue of private individuals and/or organizations. This is the domain of Federal law. If choosing this direction, you will become an expert in the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. It is considered to be of great importance and difficult to master.
  • Corporate law. This one has the direct association with the administration of corporations of various kinds. Such experts commonly deal with mergers, reorganization of corporations from within, various aspects of responsibility, compliance, and so on. Besides, you will deal with international accords.
  • Civil rights law. This is another important and interest direction. The attorneys will regulate the relations between the government and individuals or group of individuals. Thus, you might be busy with any sort of discriminations or cases, when the rights of citizens were infringed.
  • Criminal law. This branch is obvious. The lawyers will deal with different kinds of crime. There is a tremendous variety of aspects. All illegal behavior cases are related to the criminal law. You may become either a defender or a prosecutor.
  • Entertainment law. This branch has a slight relation to intellectual property issues. Nevertheless, in most cases, it resolves problems of media, cinema, music, art and/or athletics.
  • Environmental law. If you choose this direction, your practice will be based on federal, state and/or transitional laws. You will be a representative of various companies or individuals. Undoubtedly, you will be busy with the problems related to environmental violations. You will defend public health.
  • Intellectual Property law. You will be focused on the protection of rights of inventors and authors who have implemented new things in the spheres of science, arts, and so on.

This is a list of pretty common law directions. Nevertheless, these are only a few out of a great variety. You should consider other branches, which are associated with family, health, international affairs, and so on. The list is actually long.

Consider each type and make the correct choice to have the job you’ll like.

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Sample Essay on Discrimination: Kinds of Discrimination DOJ Does NOT Protect Us from

September 15th, 2017 Comments off

The issue of workplace discrimination has posed legal challenges ever since the days of the Civil Right Movement. Today, we still struggle with protecting individuals from unfair and discriminatory practices in the workplace. The article below can help you craft a strong essay on this complex topic.

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was the crowning achievement of the Civil Rights Movement. Lawmakers and activists fought for years to extend protections to black people who were often targeted by hate groups and Jim Crow laws which made it impossible for them to advance in the workplace as their white peers could. This legislation made it illegal for employers to discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex or religion. Because of this legislation, employees cannot be fired because of their race or demoted because of their religious beliefs. However, there are some groups who don’t seem to fall within these protected classes: familial caregivers, military personnel, and gay or transgender individuals. In some cases, Title VII may be interpreted loosely to provide protection for these groups, or they may be protected by other legislation. But this is not always true.

Caregivers who are responsible for the needs of young children or sick spouses sometimes face discrimination in the workplace. A woman who is pregnant or the mother of young children may be passed over for a promotion in favor of men or child-free women who have the same qualifications. Employees may lose out on opportunities if they need to take time off to care for an aging parent. The Civil Rights Act does not explicitly offer protection for such situations. However, some people interpret such cases to be in the domain of gender discrimination. Individual states like Alaska and Connecticut have put laws in place to protect people from discrimination because of parenthood or familial obligations.

Another group that has faced discrimination in the workplace is military employees and veterans. In the past, if a worker was called up for active service in the military, they often found that their employers replaced them in their absence. They also faced challenges in getting hired or obtaining fair pay in the workplace. While Title VII does not provide protections for this group, the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) was signed into law in 1994. This act protects the jobs of active military personnel and removes discriminatory barriers to reemployment.

Another group that does not explicitly fall under the protection of Title VII are members of the LGBT community. Gay, bisexual, and transgender people encounter discrimination in many forms, including in the workplace. Ever since 1975, legislators and activists have tried to extend Title VII protections to this group, but all attempts have failed. While some judges interpret sex discrimination broadly to include “sexual orientation,” this is open to interpretation and isn’t specifically stated. The vulnerability of this particular group has recently become evident with President Trump’s proposed ban on transgender individuals serving in the military.

The issue of workplace discrimination is complex, especially as our culture changes. Protecting a wide variety of people from discrimination in the workplace is not easy or simple. While the spirit of the Civil Rights Act remains in force, the letter of the law still leaves many groups unprotected.


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