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How to Write a Barrister Brief That Will Count

March 16th, 2017 Comments off

write a barristerFirst of all, it must be defined what the barrister brief actually is. In the nutshell, the barrister brief is a set of instructions that are given to a barrister by a solicitor or a client directly, though it usually involves both the barrister and solicitor. The brief is prepared by solicitor with the aim to instruct and give all relevant information about the case, as well as to certain background facts to help barrister to do his work as quickly as possible to avoid delays.

To begin with, there are no set rules on how the structure of the briefs or instructions should appear, as much as there is no single list of documents that should be added to the brief. Everything depends on the case itself. However, there are some basic elements on how to write a barrister brief that must be considered by solicitor when preparing documents, files and instructions for barrister.

Preparation:

The most important part in preparation is discussing all peculiarities with the client to avoid any possible misunderstanding. It must be stated clearly that solicitor is going to brief a barrister, the issue about the basis the barrister will charge should also be discussed beforehand. The discussion should include client’s personal attitude to the settlement, compromise or the case in general as a brief with no statements from the client is de facto worthless.

Essentials:

  1. Timing. Doing everything in time sometimes means success. Delivering documents and other information in time gives the Counsel an opportunity to spend more time revising and trying to understand the case, rather than making quick decisions. The solicitor is to state precise time limitations and time by which you desire material to be sent back.
  2. As it was mentioned above – a brief without statements from the client is almost invalid, moreover those statements should be given in exact chronological order. It should also mention all relevant documents.
  3. Sign it. Make sure you have stated your name and contacts on the front cover. It makes the process of looking for the briefs way more time-efficient.
  4. Concerning implicated documents – they must be of good quality. All the copies should be presented in the strict order and must readable. Avoid using low-quality materials and black and white photos – they are invalid. It is also worth to make an electronic copy of your brief. It enables fast ways of searching through the document.
  5. As the main format of presenting, the brief is physical one be sure your physical copy is of good quality as well. It must be kept in a nice folder, printed only on one A4 side as pages may be rearranged later.
  6. Apply all relevant documents. If you doubt if the document is relevant you’d better apply it as it is easier and takes less time to ignore additional information than to seek for unknown. Remember, time means not only money but success as well.
  7. Organize the brief in a rational way. Stick to the order the documents are going to be revised on trial. Reorganize the brief if it is needed and for sure update it while drafting it.
  8. Frame a list of all documents that are going to be used in the brief for a barrister to understand what to expect.

How to Do a Well Written Employment Certificate

March 14th, 2017 Comments off

employment certificateJob search is a job of its own as it needs a lot of efforts and time. Employment certificate is a business card of every employee that may help the employer to learn your professional career by having read the document. What is written by you in the employment certificate can influence not just your current search of career, but your future in general. Knowing how to write employment certificate is a key to success and a good job position. Before composing the employment certificate, you need to read a few simple and important rules that should be taken into account.

Stick to reverse chronological order

Your employment path is best described in the reverse chronological order – from the last place of work to the first one. It has to be this way because the skills you used at first workplace could be forgotten now and it is your last experience that has a great professional relevance. Everything should be outlined as follows: after the name of the place of work it is better to mention your key achievements in the company. If you held several positions in the same company (for example, at first you worked as an assistant, then as a specialist, then as the head), indicate this as one record. Provide examples of what you have achieved in a previous job. Increased company’s sales? Reduced the company’s costs? Successfully managed a team of 50 people? Well, everything must be indicated here.

Avoid gaps and understatement

It may happen that you haven’t worked for some time, maybe you were on maternity or paternity leave or worked on not official grounds, it does not matter whether it was time off for education, leisure or any other reason, but it has to be mentioned. This experience must be included in your employment certificate. It is strongly recommended, especially if you have such gaps between the work places, so fill this information and describe what you were doing at that time. Specifying this information in your employment certificate is important as the more details you provide the better it is. It may also happen that you haven’t worked anywhere and even if you do not have any experience, you still have the positive qualities that may be of a great value to the employer.

Keep up to the structure

While writing an employment certificate, do not forget about the SMART principle. Everything you write has to be specific, measurable, attainable and time-based. You also need to mind the writing structure and put the information on previous workplaces in the following order: month and year when you started working, month and year of your dismissal; name of organization; company’s business profile; your position (or positions) with a list of the duties performed. The most important thing to be considered when compiling employment certificate is to provide only accurate information. Focus on your merits, correctly and competently enumerate them and without doubt truth will work better than a lie.

Knowing how to write employment certificate certainly increases the chances of getting an invitation for a job interview and the desired position.

Unveiling the 4 Myths about Law Education

March 12th, 2017 Comments off

law educationLegal profession binds together different professions, such as lawyer, prosecutor, judge, investigator, legal advisor, notary, international lawyer – all of the above mentioned are experts in one of the areas of law. Skilled experts in a law sphere are always in demand, that is why legal education is a must these days and a lot of people are striving for becoming professionals in the legal sphere. But there are a couple of myths that may dissuade you from choosing legal education.

1. Law education is very expensive

There are both schools that provide expensive and cheap law education and it depends on your budget and possibilities. But even if you pay a big sum it is the investment in yourself that will give you good education and rich knowledge. Legal profession is considered prestigious and lawyers are well respected and have many advantages in society, that is why all you pay for is not in vain.

2. Law education is for everyone

Legal education and law in general are suitable for morally stable people and not everyone. After all, lawyers are always under both psychological and physical pressure. At the same time a high level of intelligence and broad-based knowledge are needed. People of such professions must think clearly and need to quickly make logical decisions. Another fundamental quality for those who want to be engrossed in law are honesty and integrity as only such people are able to provide order and justice for the state.

3. Law education is all that you need

Visiting the lectures and seminars is not enough. Choosing this type of education and legal sphere in general you should be prepared for the fact that to become a demanding professional, you need to constantly improve your qualification, enrich your knowledge and be ready for the continuous trainings. It is needless to think that the work of a lawyer is very easy and knowing a few laws and important documents is enough. Legislation is constantly changing and you need to constantly monitor and adapt to these changes, such as abolition of laws and regulations, adoption of new ones.

4. Law education doesn’t have a wide range of professions

After the graduation you will face the problem of the job search. Experts in legal sphere have a great career opportunity and various spheres to work at. Another advantage of legal profession and law education is that with the legal background, you can go to work anywhere – prosecutor’s office, courts, lawyers and notaries offices, small and large business, police, registry offices, banks, institutions, schools, you can easily change the scope of activities. Most of the leading and well-paid job countries require legal education. Due to studious work you can grow up to the Attorney General or the judge of the tribunal. To this end, it is important to have an impeccable reputation, successful high-profile cases and make a lot of effort. It is recommended to stick to the rule “Festina lente”.

All in all, legal education requires constant self-education and self-improvement. But the end justifies the means.

Legal Writing Guide: Why and How to Start with Your Conclusion

March 10th, 2017 Comments off

legal writing guideLegal writing is a very special genre. As an author you are significantly limited to certain structures, logic and unwritten rules. Although, even a very organized form of a memorandum can’t guarantee that your reader will get the message you are trying to get across. For solving such a problem it is worth to use a technique that leads the reader from the top of the article right to the end – starting with your conclusion. You must get used to the role of the “leader” while framing your writings.

“But why is starting with conclusion important?” – one may ask. Such a beginning helps your readers understand what you are going to talk about, the main matters and the structure of your memo in general. There is, actually, no unified structure of writing a memo and starting with conclusion, the point is that you shape the form according to a certain logic of storytelling. Without a doubt the main goal of writing a memorandum is to tell about all relevant facts concerning your case, so the structure generally depends on the case itself. Though, there are some tips that are worth to use that you will find further in our legal writing guide.

First of all – keep your readers attention. If you fail to draw the attention in the very beginning, the chance that the main body is going to be read carefully and intelligently is almost equal to zero:

  • To draw the attention, try to start with the background story, mention who are the parties and what is the nature of the issue. While telling the backstory, try to avoid lengthy sentences and complex constructions as they distracts the attention. Don’t write the facts there either.
  • After having mentioned some general information, move on to describing the issue. Here is the time to use some facts. Use them to make a concrete basis for further story of the case in the main body. In this part you can also make several questions which you are going to answers. The point is that this opening is going to reveal the answers. But again, avoid complex structures, state it clear and short.
  • One more useful tip, while framing the conclusion in the opening is the use simple language. As it was mentioned above, using complicated language forms is completely inappropriate. The beginning of your writing must be clean and straightforward without any unnecessary information.
  • You may even try saying your sentences out loud. Check if they sound plain enough. Fix all awkward sentences.
  • Write as you would speak to your colleague. That sort of semi-formal speech is just perfect for writing. It involves a lot of special vocabulary to convey all the nuances you are talking about but with plain grammar at the same time.

Remember that the opening is going to tell your reader what to look for later on. Place the strongest writings in the very first paragraphs to emphasize them properly.

Sample Essay on the Island of Manhattan Sold and Bought for $24

March 8th, 2017 Comments off

manhattan paperMany of us heard the story how the Dutch, governed by Peter Minuit, bought the entire island of Manhattan from the natives for a miserable price – 24$. But is really the story that correct?

The island of Manhattan has been inhabited by the Native American tribes for centuries, it is not quite possible to state for sure, which one made the deal with the Dutch, though probably it was the Canarsie tribe. Some people argue that Indians, due to their believes, didn‘t understand how trade with Europeans works, but we know for sure natives’ concepts of possession. The point is that natives had the concept of possession and private property (not dissimilar to capitalist construct), though many tribes had communal land.

Let’s return to the story itself. According to the letter written by Pieter Schagen people have bought the land from natives for the price of 60 guilders, although there are no records about the deed itself and all existing ones were written long after the purchase when the Dutch inhabited that island for several decades. But what about 24$? 19th century historians converted the value of 60 guilders from 17th century to U.S. dollars, the result was 24$. The point is that this number remained unchanged for about two more centuries, regardless inflation and changes of currency value. The results of modern reevaluations are quite different – some state that it equals 15,000$, others that it is almost 1000$. Though it is a moot, the fact that Indians didn’t sell their land for nothing. The most popular currency in New Netherland at that time were trinkets. By trinkets they meant kettles, axes, mattocks, musical instruments and drilling awls, all in all – for Native Americans it was very useful but not that expensive European stuff. The next moot is whether the land was really bought or just leased. Professor G. Edward White states that native tribes of Manhattan had a tradition of property rights and just offered the Dutch the right to hunt there, while Richard Howe notes that the Dutch, who relied rather on negotiations than on brute force (like other Europeans used to), thought the transaction was full and legitimate, making the land of Manhattan their property that could be later a subject to private purchases. One more interesting fact about this purchase – the Dutch probably purchased the island of Manhattan from Canarsies, who actually didn’t live there (they lived in the area near to Brooklyn). Historians say that Canarsie sought Dutch protection from the enemies, while the Dutch wanted to legitimize their land claims before the British.  It is also known that Weekquaesgeeks – real natives to Manhattan then fought with the Dutch, which led to Kieft’s war. As the result the Dutch drove the tribe of Weekquaesgeeks out of their land completely.

To conclude all mentioned above, it is worth stating that the entire brand of Manhattan being sold for glass beads is totally invalid. The local tribes understood the principles of trade, so they weren’t just giving away their homelands. And last but not least, Manhattan wasn’t actually sold, as Canarsies had no rights of owning the island and the deed was just an attempt to legitimize the claims.

References:

  1. Dixon, Faun Mortara. Native American Property Rights. 1st ed. 1981
  2. Johansen, Bruce E. The Encyclopedia of Native American Legal Tradition. 1st ed. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1998
  3. Levy, Leonard W, Kenneth L Karst, and Adam Winkler. Encyclopedia Of The American Constitution. 1st ed. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2000
  4. Bastian, Dawn E and Judy K Mitchell. Handbook Of Native American Mythology. 1st ed. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2004
  5. Barreiro, Jose?. Native American Expressive Culture. 1st ed. Ithaca, N.Y.: Akwe:kon Press, American Indian Program, 1994
  6. Grinde, Donald A. Native Americans. 1st ed. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2002
  7. Boxer, C. R. The Dutch Seaborne Empire, 1600-1800. 1st ed. New York: Knopf, 1965

Roman Empire and Roman Law: The Lessons of Human History

March 6th, 2017 Comments off

roman empireThe Roman Empire – a state that existed for more than a millennium and had the greatest influence on history, culture, language and laws of Europe. A state that had started as a kingdom and ended up as two empires. Such an enormous country was sure to have a well-balanced system of rules, rights and laws to govern all its provinces, that rarely shared similar customs and rites.

The History of Roman law dates back to the times when Rome was just a Mediterranean kingdom. Latini – the natives, had own rules and customs of governing, having property and solving disputes. It was not a system, though, rather a number of unwritten laws that often contradicted each other. According to a legend, citizens of Rome decided to write down the laws to avoid contradictions. After eight years of struggle, the plebeian class convinced the patricians to send delegates to Greek cities to copy their law system. No matter if it was a reality or not, the Roman law had changed significantly over time.

Roman law as many other ancient legal systems was based on the principle of personality, it means that the law of the state could be applied only to citizens of a state (ius civile). Foreigners had rights in the Roman state only in case of mutual treaties that granted protection, otherwise a foreigner was considered as property and any Roman citizen that could seize him or her and proclaim the rights of possession. Though it was in the interests of the state to protect the foreigners, as, in most cases, they were traders, Ius gentium was created – a legal system that was applied when one of the subjects was non-citizen.

The oldest written legal text of the Roman state was “the Twelve Tablets” dating from 5th century CE. Later, with the adoption of the principle of personality, Ius civile was developed – a very ceremonial and symbolic legislative system that was rather representation of old rites and ways of solving disputes. The result of numerous expansion and growing trade interests of the Roman state was Ius gentium. Due to its flexibility it became very popular among magistrates.

Romans used to divide their laws into written and unwritten (ius scriptum, ius non scriptum). Unwritten law represented customs, while written law was based literally on any written source. Written law could be performed in five ways:

Leges (singular lex, the earliest one – the Twelve Tablets) – concerned matters of family law, torts, offences and other legal procedures.

Edicta – were usually issued by praetors (one praetor office concerned citizens, another non-citizens). As in later republic edicta became a type of reform – leges ceased to be the main source of private law.

Senatus consulta – were not actually a legal document, rather an advice to magistrates, which could be then accepted. In the time of early empire Roman senate ceased to have real power and their resolutions just supported the proposals of the emperor. Later on, only emperor’s proposals had real legislative power.

Constitutiones principum – were in fact the emperor’s legislative expressions.

Responsa prudentium – this type of written law represented answers of learned lawyers. Those legal advisers were not professionals and had no legislative power, they were just educated men giving free legal pieces of advice. Although during the reign of Augustus some of them were given power to advice with the emperor’s authority.

References:

  1. Anderson, Craig. Roman Law. 1st ed. Dundee: Dundee University Press, 2009
  2. Nicholas, Barry. An Introduction To Roman Law. 1st ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962
  3. Jolowicz, H. F and Barry Nicholas. Historical Introduction To The Study Of
  4. Roman Law. 1st ed. Cambridge [England]: University Press, 1972
  5. Tellegen-Couperus, O. E. A Short History Of Roman Law. 1st ed. London: Routledge, 1993
  6. Buckland, W. W, Arnold Duncan McNair McNair, and F. H Lawson. Roman Law & Common Law. 1st ed. Cambridge [England]: University Press, 1952
  7. Vinogradoff, Paul. Roman Law In Medieval Europe. 1st ed. Cambridge: Speculum Historiale, 1968

Sample Essay on Bomb Robot Killing Dallas the Sniper

March 4th, 2017 Comments off

essay-on-drones-sniperDue to today’s sophisticated technologies our now has changed drastically and our future is to be changed as well. And it is even a bigger breakthrough when it comes to crimes counteraction and assistance in detecting the criminals. That is said about the Remotec F-5 robot made by Northrop Grumman company that was used by the police to neutralize the delinquent.

It is in Dallas, USA where for the first time in history a robot was used for the criminal elimination by the police. The incident in Texas, Dallas was the bloodiest terrorist attack for the US police after the events in September 11, 2001 as well as Oklahoma City bombing. Dallas Police had armed the robot with an explosive device to kill the criminal Micah X. Johnson who killed five policemen, injured seven plus two civilians during a street riot. The decision to use the bomb was made after unsuccessful negotiations with the suspect.

The robot Remotec F-5 costs around 180,000 dollars. It has inbuilt cameras and sensors, arm-manipulator, special additional wheels for climbing the stairs which helps to overcome not only long distances, but the stairs as well, robot climbed the second floor where the criminal was situated.

This is not the first time when the police use robots-sappers. In April 2015 the police of San Jose dissuaded a person from committing suicide, robot spoke with the man and brought him a pizza and a telephone. This also proves the fact that robots of such types can be used in life-threatening and high-stress situations. There was another case when the robot was used by the US troops during the military operations in the Middle East, where the terrorist who was armed with M18A1 Claymore mine got exploded by the robot-sapper. In Iraq, the military used inexpensive robot MARCbot as an independent explosive device many times. In addition to bomb disposal, it can break windows, spray tear gas, cut the wires, make and drill holes. The robot is not autonomous, a person controls every action by means of remote control.

According to the military experts, the murder in Dallas is the first time when the police used a robot to kill. As a rule, robots are used to neutralize suspicious items. However, since these machines are also equipped with video cameras and microphones from time to time they are used as means of communication with the suspects. The current legislation does not prohibit to use robots during police operations and after successful operation in Dallas this practice will presumably continue. And perhaps in the near future law will permit to single out a target to kill even if the target is out of sight. For example, with only target’s biometric information.

Robots have evolved from primitive to sophisticated mechanisms with efficient inbuilt devices and have largely surpassed the possibilities of men. In the coming decades, more and more sophisticated robots will become irreplaceable helpers of people. Robotic devices have long been used by the military, so it is logical that law enforcement agencies of different countries do not want to lag behind and want to use them in practice as well.

References:

  1. Killer robot used by Dallas police opens ethical debate by M. Liedtke and B. Fowler, July 6, 2016.
  2. Use of police robot to kill Dallas shooting suspect believed to be first in US history. The Guardian, June 25, 2016.
  3. How robot, explosives took out Dallas sniper in unprecedented way. CNN, by S. Sidner and M. Simon, July 12, 2016.
  4. Police ‘killer robot’ used in dallas stirs human rights controversy. Underground reporter by N. Prupis, July 8, 2016.
  5. Dallas sniper shootings: Police robot killed gunman following standoff in car park. International business times, by L. Dean, July 8, 2016.

Court Essay Slow Motion Video Makes People Look Guiltier

March 2nd, 2017 Comments off

people look guiltierVideo recording, including hidden cameras, is an admissible tool that helps to provide the evidence in court. Audio and video materials help the court to establish the circumstances under which the crime was committed. Jury watches video footage of crimes to identify whether the person is guilty or not and such videos help to analyze and define the events that took place and their seriousness. Video and audio evidence can be made in many different ways, due to household tape recorders, cell phones or surveillance system. But the validity of this evidence will be only accepted by court on condition that the authenticity of the recording itself was proven.

Along with the advantages of slow-motion videos, there are also disadvantages that cause bias in court. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, the United States of America released a research according to which the viewers watching a slow-motion video of the committed crime considered such crime to be thought through and calculated, but not impulsively committed.  The viewers were asked to watch two types of videos: slow-motion video and a regular speed video. The participants of the experiment who watched the slow-motion video version believe in premeditation of the committed crime.

There were also other experiments carried out to prove the bias nature of slow-mo video type. There were 489 participants in the experiment who were shown the video with the armed robbery where the clerk was shot. Watching the slow-mo video of the event, but not at regular speed, the viewers believed that the wrongdoer intended to kill the clerk. In another experiment the participants were shown a video with a football tackle with the involvement of the forbidden helmet-to-helmet trick. The viewers of slow-motion video state that the player who did the helmet-to-helmet hit acted intently towards the other player.

The question now arises of whether the jury must use slow-motion videos during court proceedings or due to its bias nature, videos of such type must be banned for good?! Such bias does a serious damage to the accused party and influences the whole court process in general. Premeditated crimes get more serious sentence and punishment accordingly and it does matter when you are charged with reflexive second-degree murder or the first-degree murder. Slow-motion videos can give a false impression that the actions were planned by the person. It does not necessarily mean that slow-motion videos must not be used and accepted in court, but it does mean that the benefit of such video types may cause serious consequences to the guilty party.

Slow motion videos can make boring moments look funny ones and unseen things visible ones. Videos of such type can make not guilty person a guilty one. It may seem not serious, but when it comes to returning the verdict and punishment, it is more than serious, it is of vital importance as for the footage evidence. Of course, it doesn’t refute the fact that the person who committed a crime will have to answer for his actions, but at least the verdict he receives will be fair.

References:

  1. Slow-motion videos of a crime can cause jurors to view wrongdoing as intentional, study finds. By Debra Cassens Weiss, August 11, 2016 Harmful actions may seem more sinister when viewed in slow motion, study finds. Los Angeles Times, by Amina Khan, August 2, 2016
  2. Slow-motion replays can make juries FOUR times more likely to convict someone of a crime, Daily Mail Online, by Ryan O’Hare, August 2, 2016
  3. Can slow-motion video bias jury trials? The Christian science monitor, by Nicole Orttung, August 8, 2016
  4. Slow-Motion Video Makes People Look More Guilty, Study Shows. How stuff works, by Yves Jeffcoat, August 10, 2016

How to Write an Event Report

February 22nd, 2017 Comments off

How to write an event report
Some academic disciplines require writing a post event report, and students’ knowledge of how to write an event report is of the utmost importance while challenging a good mark. The process of writing shall include three stages of pre-writing, while writing, and post-writing, each of which includes certain points that have to be taken into consideration.  Advice on how to write an event report would be useful for everybody from the schoolchildren who have to write a report on a school play to the elderly ballet lovers who would like to share their post-performance emotions on the senior center blog.

From the outset, it is necessary to emphasize that a report is not the same as an essay. While the latter concentrates on emotion and personal opinion, the first one has a more factual approach. Apparently, a report usually focuses on gaining a particular purpose; it is short, concise, and well-structured. An event report may describe a conference, official meeting, concert, play, or lecture. Despite all of these papers have their specificity, there are a number of points peculiar to all of them.

Before Writing an Event Report

It is worth spending a bit of time to think about the elements that the report will include. In case there is a required structure from the teacher, all the elements should be clear to a writer, so that he or she will pay attention to them during an event. For the report to be useful, a writer should keep in mind the target audience of an event report as well as the reader’s level of the topic knowledge. This stage also embraces the “watching” process accompanied by noting some key information that will be needed afterward. It includes names of the participants, places or events that were mentioned, and other information that will be useful while writing a report. Relying on memory is not a really good idea because it has a tendency to erase seemingly unnecessary details that may be of value to both a writer and a reader. Moreover, there is no need to postpone the writing for a long time since it will be much harder to recall all necessary data that has to be on the list.

While Writing an Event Report

In order to be well accepted by the reader, a report should be logical and meaningful. Therefore, a writer has to think and rethink the structure of an event report. Usually, it shall include an introduction, the main part, and a conclusion. The text should be neither too detailed nor too general. In the majority of cases, a writer needs to present an impersonal feedback on an attended event. The language shall be free of informal vocabulary and any kind of emotions.

After Writing an Event Report

There is lots of work left after the text has been written. The time spent on both proofreading and editing will considerably improve the quality of an event report. There is a particular need to pay attention to punctuation, wording, grammar, and style of an event report. Asking for help from a friend or a colleague on this stage may be useful and efficient since it is hard to spot own mistakes.

How to Write an Internship Report

February 22nd, 2017 Comments off

How to Write an Internship ReportHow to Write an Internship Report

Nowadays a successful internship can often define one’s further employment and future advancement on the career ladder. Becoming an intern in an already established company offers various opportunities and gives valuable experience. At the same time, critical feedback is crucial for both parties – the intern and the employer, thus, each student or any other active participant needs to know how to write an internship report. Despite the fact that often the task of objectively evaluating the pros and cons might look easy, it still involves various complications, such as understanding of the core functions of the firm, its primary needs, and what talent and potential are required to gain sustainable leadership and success. Therefore, knowing how to write an internship report is crucially important for one’s academic and future professional career.

Importance of Writing an Internship Report

A large enterprise or any other facilities that can potentially become one’s next employer are always interested in providing the best possible feedback to their interns as well as interns are doing everything to show their skills and perform well in the temporary position. Before starting writing, each intern needs to carefully study the main objectives of the company and where it stands in its field of business. In order to make the process of writing the report more convenient the information that will be used should be divided into subgroups. Each internship report might informatively vary depending on the field of work where the internship has been held. Nevertheless, a well-written internship report needs to be divided into several sections, each of which will describe and evaluate different activities and processes that have been implemented during the internship.

The Main Elements of an Internship Report

Hence, an internship report should include:

  • An introduction that gives more inside information about the company, its details, field of work, who were the supervisors, and what was the primary focus of the internship;
  • The central section that would in detail discuss a particular case, activity or the general tasks and responsibilities, which the intern had in a certain company;
  • The third section might include a Case Summary that would draw conclusions from the intern’s experience gained during the internship;
  • The final section might vary from Self Evaluation to Evaluation of the Facility and how well it corresponded to its primary function of serving as an arena for the intern’s development and growth in the company.

General Characteristics of an Internship Report

The sections of the internship report also vary depending on the field of work.  Nevertheless, regardless of the primary function of the internship, each internship report needs to provide accurate and comprehensive information about the conducted activities and gained experience. Internships often offer their participants future working positions that could become a great start to a fantastic career. In other cases, they provide a deep and meaningful understanding the primary responsibilities of the workers of the company, its objectives, policies, and plans for the future.

Therefore, when writing an internship report it is important to remember that this experience is a possible chance to make a good impression and find a job. Consequently, the report should resemble a comprehensive opinion on the internship, summarize the gained knowledge and how it influenced the intern regarding his or her future plans, goals, and ambitions. Finally, each individual should link the advancement of the personal career goals with the experience gained from the internship to have a better understanding of the influence made by the company.